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DGHT-AG Agamen

Literatur und Schriften


Trapelus

ANDERSON, S.C. (1999): Trapelus Cuvier, 1816; T. agilis (Olivier, 1804); T. persicus (Blanford, 1881); T. ruderatus (Olivier, 1804) - In: Lizards of Iran. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Oxford, Ohio: 99-110.

BLANFORD, W.T. (1876): On some lizards from Sind, with descriptions of new species of Ptyodactylus, Stenodactylus and Trapelus. – Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 45 (2): 18-26.

RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N. (1998): Systematics and distribution of the Iranian species of Trapelus (Sauria: Agamidae) a review. – Russian Journal of Herpetology, 5: 127-146.

RASTEGAR-POUYANI, E., RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N., JOGER, U. & M. WINK (2010): Molecular phylogeny and intraspecific differentiation of the Iranian and Central Asian species in the genus Trapelus (Sauria: Agamidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Abstracts of the Second International Symposium on Agamid Lizards «DeAgamis2». - Current Studies in Herpetology, 10 (3/4): 152-153.

CUVIER, G. (1817): Description of the Genus Trapelus – In: Le Règne Animal… Tome II. Déterville, Paris.



Trapelus agnetae (WERNER, 1929)


AMR, Z.S.S. & A.M.H. AL JOHANY (2012): Trapelus agnetae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T203802A2771528.

CUNNINGHAM, P.L. (2008): Trapelus pallidus agnetae (Werner, 1929) Pale Agama. Distribution. – Afr. Herp News, 45: 18-20.


Trapelus agilis OLIVIER, 1807

Steppenagame / Brilliant Ground Agama

ABEL, E. (1952): Zur Biologie von Agama agilis Ol. und Agama ruderata Ol. – Zool. Anz., 149: 125-133.

ANDERSON, S.C. (1999): Trapelus Cuvier, 1816; T. agilis (Olivier, 1804); T. persicus (Blanford, 1881); T. ruderatus (Olivier, 1804) - In: Lizards of Iran. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Oxford, Ohio: 99-110.

OLIVIER, G.A. (1807): Description of Trapelus agilis. –In: “Voyage dans l’Empire Othoman, l’Egypte et la Perse”. Vol. 4. Agasse, Paris.

BHATNAGAR, C., MEENA, S.S. & V.N. PANDEY (2012): Habitat preference of Trapelus agilis OLIVIER in Thar Desert of Jaisalmer, India. - Russ. J. Herp. 19 (3): 207-211.

Preference in habitat selection by Trapelus agilis Olivier has been studied in nearby area of Amar sagar village and Garhisar Lake catchments area of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. It has been observed that female of Agama agilis Olivier always lives in burrow. Most of the burrows remain covered by the shrubs of Capparis decidua (KER), Euphorbia (THOR), Salvadora oleoides (JAL), and Leptadaenia (KHEEP). Males never dig burrows and remain hidden under the stones, between the stones, cervices of stones and sometime in the burrow of female of agama, other lizards and rodents for short time. It has been concluded that the habitat selection and preference in Trapelus agilis depends on the local environment, sex, body size, morphology and feeding habit.

MACEY, J.R. & N.B. ANANJEVA (2004): Genetic Variation Among Agamid Lizards of the Trapelus agilis Complex in the Caspian-Aral Basin. - Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 1-7.

Allozyme variation is examined in eight populations of Trapelus from the Caspian-Aral Basin of the former USSR. Thirty one loci (15 variable) exhibit remarkably low levels of genetic variation with only a Nei's genetic distance of 0.117 across 2500 km. An isolated population on the European side of the Caspian Sea is found to phenetically cluster inside the Asian populations examined, suggesting that it should not be considered taxonomically distinct.

MACEY, J.R. & N.B. ANANJEVA (2004): Genetic Variation Among Agamid Lizards of the Trapelus agilis Complex in the Caspian-Aral Basin. - Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 208-214.

Allozyme variation is examined in eight populations of Trapelus from the Caspian-Aral Basin of the former USSR. Thirty one loci (15 variable) exhibit remarkably low levels of genetic variation with only a Nei's genetic distance of 0.117 across 2500 km. An isolated population on the European side of the Caspian Sea is found to phenetically cluster inside the Asian populations examined, suggesting that it should not be considered taxonomically distinct.

RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N. (1997): Systematics and distribution of the Trapelus agilis complex. – In: Rocek, Z. & S. Hart (eds.): Herpetology ´97. Abstracts of the Third World Congress of Herpetology, 2-10 August 1997, Prague, Czech Republic. Third World Congress of Herpetology, Prague (no pagination).

RASTEGAR-POIYANI, N. (1999): Analysis of geographic variation in the Trapelus agilis complex (Sauria: Agamidae). – Zoology in the Middle East, Heidelberg, 19: 75-100.

Kurzfassung:
Basierend auf der Untersuchung von über 1000 Exemplaren aus allen Teilen des Verbreitungsgebietes und der Anwendung univarianter statistischer Methoden wird die geographische Variation des Trapelus agilis-Komplexes diskutiert. Bei einer morphologischen Analyse wurde eine beträchtliche Variation zwischen einzelnen Populationen festgestellt und es stellte 34 sich heraus, dass es in allen Populationen Geschlechtsdimorphismus gibt. Einige der bisher bekannten Subspezies werden in Frage gestellt. Die Syntypen von OLIUVIERS Agama agilis und die Paralectotypen von BOULENGERS Agama isolepis wurden untersucht und ihr taxonomischer Rang neu bewertet. Die meisten periphären Populationen haben eine intensive Umformung und Artbildung erfahren. Der T. agilis-Komplex wird in vier unterschiedliche Formen eingeteilt, für die eine taxonomische (Subspezifische) Bewertung noch aussteht, und für die ein paarweiser Merkmalsvergleich mittels ANOVA zeigt, dass sich die meisten Parameter signifikant unterscheiden. Der Name agilis wird für die Populationen auf dem zentraliranischen Plateau sowie in Süd-Afghanistan und West-Pakistan (T2) als Kerngebiet des Komplexes vorbehalten, während der Unterartname sanguinolentus für die zentralasiatischen Populationen (T4) vorbehalten bleibt. Die deutlichen Unterschiede der Tieflandpopulationen in SW-Iran (T1) und in SE-Pakistan (T4) rechtfertigen eine gesonderte taxonomische Einordnung.

RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N. (2005): A multivariate analysis of geographic variation in the Trapelus agilis complex (Sauria: Agamidae). – Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 159-173.

SCHLEICH, H.-H. (1979): Geographic distribution: Agama agilis. – Herpetological Review, 10 (2): 59.

TSARUK, O.J. (1985): On systematics of Trapelus agilis s. str. complex (Agamidae). – In: Proceedings of the VI All-Union Herpetological Conference (Tashkent, September 18-20, 1985). ‘Nauka’ Publishers, Leningrad. 225-226. (in Russisch)


Trapelus agilis agilis (OLIVIER, 1807)

Steppenagame / Brilliant Ground Agama

ESKANDARZADEH, N., RASTEGAR-POUYNANI, N., RASTEGAR-POUYANI, E. & L. ZINATI (2015): Sexual Dimorphism in Trapelus agilis agilis (Olivier, 1807) (Sauria: Agamidae) from Tabas Region, Northeastern Iran. - Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (2): 123-127.

In order to investigate the patterns of sexual dimorphism in Trapelus agilis (Olivier, 1807) from Tabas region, northeastern Iran, we collected 24 samples (15 males and 9 females) and 17 characters including 13 morphometric and 4 meristic were examined. The results show that males and females are different significantly in six morphometric and one meristic character which cause differences in body, tail and head shape. In addition, the differences can be seen in color pattern and the presence of callose preanal scales and preanal pores. We discuss the differences in shape, size and color pattern in relation to differences in habitat use and their role in reproductive processes.

Trapelus agilis isolepis (BOULENGER, 1885)

Steppenagame / Brilliant Ground Agama

ANDERSON, S.C. (1966): The lectotype of Agama isolepis Boulenger. – Herpetologicsa, 22: 230-231.

BOULENGER, G.A. (1885): Description of Trapelus agilis isolepis. - In “Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) - I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae”. London: 450 pp.

STEINDACHNER, F. (1917): Über eine längsgestreifte Farbenvarietät von Agama isolepis Blgr. aus Mesopotamien. - Annalen des k.k. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien 31: 147-149.


Trapelus agilis khuzistanensis RASTEGAR-POUYANI, 1999

Steppenagame / Brilliant Ground Agama


RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N. (2000): Two new subspecies of Trapelus agilis complex (Sauria: Agamidae) from lowland southwestern Iran and southeastern Pakistan. - Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 90-101.


Trapelus agilis pakistanensis (OLIVIER, 1807)

Steppenagame / Brilliant Ground Agama


RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N. (2000): Two new subspecies of Trapelus agilis complex (Sauria: Agamidae) from lowland southwestern Iran and southeastern Pakistan. - Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 90-101.


Trapelus blanfordi BLANFOIRD, 1881

Anderson´s Agama / Persia Agama


Trapelus boehmei WAGNER, MELVILLE, WILMS & SCHMITZ, 2011


WAGNER et al. (2011):Opening a box of cryptic taxa – the first review of the North African desert lizards in the Trapelus mutabilis Merrem, 1820 complex (Squamata: Agamidae) with descriptions of new taxa

WAGNER, P. & T. WILMS (2013): Trapelus boehmei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013:e.T203803A2771535.


Trapelus flavimaculatus RÜPPELL, 1835

Yellow-spotted Agama

EID, E.K.A., SOORAE, P., AMR, Z.S.S., ELS, J. & A.M.H. AL JOHANY (2012): Trapelus flavimaculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T198524A2529732.

RÜPPELL, E. (1835): Description of Trapelus flavimaculatus – In: Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig – Amphibien. Frankfurt am Main, 1835.


Trapelus jayakari ANDERSON, 1896


ANDERSON, J. (1896): Description of Trapelus jayakari.  – In: “A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt”. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.

ANDERSON, S. (2012): Trapelus jayakari. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012:
e.T176221A1436072.


Trapelus lessonae DE FELIPPI, 1865


GÜL, C. & M. TOSUNOĞLU (2011): Hematological reference intervals of four agamid lizard species from Turkey. – Herpetozoa, Wien, 24 (1/2): 51-59.

RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N. (2000): Taxonomic status of Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier) and T. persicus (Blanford), and validity of T. lessonae (De Filippi). – Amphibia-Reptilia, 21: 91-102.

TORKI, F. (2006): Spermatogenesis in the agama Trapelus lessonae (Agamidae: Reptilia) in the central Zagros Mountains, Iran. – Zoology in the Middle East, Heidelberg, 38: 21-28.

TORKI, F. (2007): Der Einfluss der Winterruhe auf den Testikularzyklus und dessen Auslösung bei Trapelus lessonae (Reptilia: Agamidae) während des Ruhezustands. – Der Salamander, Rheinbach, 3 (4): 245-248.
Zusammenfassung:
Frei lebende Trapelus lessonae wurden während ihrer Winterruhe untersucht. Hierzu wurden Hoden entfernt und zu verschiedenen Zeitpunkten der Winterruhe histologisch analysiert. Die Ergebnisse zeigen zwei Phasen während der Winterruhe auf: (1) eine Ruhephase und (2) eine Aktivierungsphase.

TORKI, F. (2007): The role of hibernation on the testicular cycle and its activation in Trapelus lessonae (Reptilia: Agamidae) during dormancy. – Salamandra, Rheinbach, 43 (4): 245-248.
Zusammenfassung:
Frei lebende Trapelus lessonae wurden während ihrer Winterruhe untersucht. Hierzu wurden Hoden entfernt und zu verschiedenen Zeitpunkten der Winterruhe histologisch analysiert. Die Ergebnisse zeigen zwei Phasen während der Winterruhe auf: (1) eine Ruhephase und (2) eine Aktivierungsphase.

VAISSI, S., FATHIPOUR, F., SALAMAT, M.A., PARTO, P. & M. SHARIFI (2013): Variations in the size of erythrocytes and morphology of four lizard species (Laudakia nupta, Trapelus lessonae, Mabuya aurata and Ophisops elegans) from Western Iran. – Global Veterinaria, 11 (3): 297-301.

The aim of this study was to determine the erythrocyte and nucleus sizes of two species of Agamidae (Laudakia nupta and Trapelus lessonae), one species of Scincidae (Mabuya aurata) and one species of Lacertidae (Ophisops elegans) from Iran by means of blood smears stained with Giemsa. The sizes of erythrocytes and their nuclei were measured using an ocular micrometer at a magnification of 6300x. The longest, widest and largest erythrocytes were found in Laudakia nupta. The shortest and narrowest erythrocytes and nuclei were found in Trapelus lessonae. The longest, widest and largest nuclei were found in Mabuya aurata. The study revealed significant variation between Iranian species and others indicating the significant affect of environmental conditions.

YILDIZ, M.Z., SARIKAYA, B. & M.A. BOZKURT (2019): The Herpetofauna of the Province of Hatay (East Mediterranean Turkey). - Biological Diversity and Conservation, 12 (2): 197-205.

In this research, it is intended to determine amphibian and reptile species distributed in Hatay province (East Mediterranean region, Turkey). For this aim, it is realized herpetological trip to al region of the province of Hatay in March, April, May, July, September and October in 2016 and in March and May in 2017. As a result of this study, it is recorded five anuran, two urodela species belong to five families, six chelonian belong to 5 families, and 17 lizard belong to seven families and 22 snake species belong to four families in the province Hatay (7 amphibians and 45 reptiles in total). As a result of this project; Trapelus lessonae (De filippi, 1865), and Eirenis barani Schmidtler, 1988 were recorded for in the province of Hatay in first. We report the most updated information regarding the herpetofauna of Hatay province.


Trapelus megalonyx GÜNTHER, 1864

Afghan Ground Agama

GÜNTHER, A. (1864): Description of Trapelus megalonyx. - In “The Reptiles of British India”. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp.


Trapelus microtympanum WERNER, 1895



Trapelus mutabilis MERREM, 1820

Desert Agama

ALTMANN, H. (1966): Emil, meine Wüstenagame. – Die Aquarien- und Terrarien-Zeitschrift, Stuttgart, 19 (5): 154-155.

BÖHME, W. (1970): Extreme Wirbelsäulenverkrümmung bei einer Wüstenagame (Agama mutabilis Merrem, 1820). – Aqua terra, 7: 78-79.

LEMIRE, M. & C. GRENOT (1973): La structure nasale du lizard saharien Agama mutabilis Merrem (Agamidae). – Comptes r. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci., Paris (Sér. D), 277 (24): 2719-2722.

LEMIRE, M. & C. GRENOT (1974): Dévelopment et structure de la glande ´à sels´ dulézard saharien Agama mutabilis Merrem (Agamidae). – Comptes r. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci., Paris (Sér. D), 278 (1): 61-64.

MERREM, B. (1820): Description of Trapelus mutabilis. - In: Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Marburg, 1820.

MÜLLER, H.-D. (2000): Selten im Terrarium: Die Wüstenagame Trapelus mutabilis (MERREM, 1820). – Reptilia, Münster, 5 (1): 68-72.

SCHLEICH, H.-H., KÄSTLE, W. & K. KABISCH (1996): Trapelus mutabilis (Merrem, 1820). – In: Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein.

TOFOHR, O. (1903): Die Wüsten-Agame im Terrarium. - Blätter für Aquarien und Terrarien-Kunde 14 (4) : 51-53.

WAGNER et al. (2011):Opening a box of cryptic taxa – the first review of the North African desert lizards in the Trapelus mutabilis Merrem, 1820 complex (Squamata: Agamidae) with descriptions of new taxa

WRANGEL, R. (1994): Haltung und Nachzucht der Wüstenagame Trapelus mutabilis (MERREM, 1820) sowie einige Freilandbeobachtungen in Tunesien. – herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 16 (88): 17-23.


Trapelus mutabilis poppeki WAGNER et al. 2011


WAGNER et al. (2011):Opening a box of cryptic taxa – the first review of the North African desert lizards in the Trapelus mutabilis Merrem, 1820 complex (Squamata: Agamidae) with descriptions of new taxa


Trapelus pallidus REUSS, 1834


ABO-TAIRA, A.M., ZAHER, M.M. & F.M. AL-BALDRY (1995): Morphometric characterization of the alimentary tract of Agama pallida and Agama stellio (Reptilia, Agamidae). – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 17 ©: 125-159.

ABO-TAIRA, A.M., ZAHER, M.M. & F.M. AL-BALDRY (1996): Sex and species determination based on external morphological characters in Agama pallida and Agama stellio. – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 21 (B): 259-279.

ABU-GHALYUN, Y. (1995): Histochemistry, capillarization, and mitochondrial densities of muscle fibers isolated from the iliofibularis muscle of Agama pallida. – Israel Journal of Zoology, 41 (2): 193-204.

AL-YOUSIF, M. & T. AL-SHAWA (1997): Isopora acanthodactyli, new species from Acanthodactylus schmidti with a new geographical record for I. deserti from Agama pallida (Finkelman and Paperna, 1994) in Saudi Arabia. – Pak. J. Zool., 29: 219-223.

KAMAL, A.M. & S.K. ZADA (1973): The early developmental stages of the chondrocranium of Agama pallida. – Acta morph. neerl.-scand., 11 (1): 75-104.

KHALIL, F. & M.F. HUSSEIN (1962): Studies on the temperature relationships of Egyptian desert reptiles. IV. On the retention of heat of Uromastyx aegyptia, Agama pallida and Chalcides sepoides. – Bull. zool. Soc. Egypt, 17: 80-88.

KHALIL, F. & M.F. HUSSEIN (1963): Ecological studies in the Egyptian deserts. III. Daily and annual cycles of activity of Uromastyx aegyptia, Agama pallida and Chalcides sepoides with special reference to temperature and relative humidity. – Proc. zool. Soc. U.A.R., 1: 93-108.

REUSS, A. (1834): Description of Trapelus mutabilis pallidus. - In: “Zoologische Miscellen, Reptilien. Saurier. Batrachier”. Museum Senckenbergianum, Frankfurt am Main 1 (6): 27-62.

RIFAI, L. & D. MODRY (2000): Trapelus pallidus (REUSS, 1834) – Dornschuppenhautagame. – Reptilia, Münster, 5 (5): 51-54.

WAGNER et al. (2011):Opening a box of cryptic taxa – the first review of the North African desert lizards in the Trapelus mutabilis Merrem, 1820 complex (Squamata: Agamidae) with descriptions of new taxa

ZAHER, M.M., ABDEL-KADER, I.Y., ABD-ALLA, W. & F. AL-BADRY (1995): Comparative study on anatomy, histology and histochemistry of the gut of two agamid species Agama pallida & Agama stellio. – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 17 (C): 423-465.

ZAHER, M.M., ABDELLAH, W.A. & F. AL-BADRY (1996): Histochemistry of phosphatase enzymes in the gut regions of Agama pallida and Agama stellio (Agamidae, Reptilia). – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 19 (C): 93-104.


Trapelus pallidus pallidus (REUSS, 1834)


Trapelus pallidus haasi (WERNER, 1971)


Trapelus persicus (BLANFORD, 1881)


Ruinenagame / Syrische Agame / Dornschuppenhautagame

ANDERSON, S.C. (1999): Trapelus Cuvier, 1816; T. agilis (Olivier, 1804); T. persicus (Blanford, 1881); T. ruderatus (Olivier, 1804) - In: Lizards of Iran. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Oxford, Ohio: 99-110.


Trapelus persicus persicus (BLANFORD, 1881)


Trapelus persicus fieldii (HAAS & WERNER 1969)


Trapelus rubrigularis BLANFORD, 1875

Red-throated Agama

BLANFORD, W.T. (1876): On some lizards from Sind, with descriptions of new species of Ptyodactylus, Stenodactylus, and Trapelus. - J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 45: 232-233 [1875].


Trapelus ruderatus OLIVIER, 1804

Ruinenagame / Horn-scaled Agama

ABDEL-FATTAH, R.F., A-BADRY, K.S. & F. AL-BALOOL (1974): Haematological studies on some reptiles from Kuwait. Part 1. Some corpuscular constants, blood glucose, and electrophoretic examination of blood proteins of the lizard Agama persica. – Journal Univ. Kuwait (Sci.), 1: 129-135.

ABEL, E. (1952): Zur Biologie von Agama agilis Ol. und Agama ruderata Ol. – Zool. Anz., 149: 125-133.

ANDERSON, S.C. (1966): A substitute name for Agama persica Blanford. – Herpetologica, 22: 230.

ANDERSON, S.C. (1999): Trapelus Cuvier, 1816; T. agilis (Olivier, 1804); T. persicus (Blanford, 1881); T. ruderatus (Olivier, 1804) - In: Lizards of Iran. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Oxford, Ohio: 99-110.

BARAN, I., KASPAREK, M. & M. ÖZ (1989): On the distribution of four species of agama (Agamidae) in Turkey. – Zoology in the Middle East, Heidelberg, 3: 37-46.
Kurzfassung:
Die Verbreitung des Harduns, Agama stellio, der Kaukasischen Agame, A. caucasia, der Ruinenagame, A. ruderata, und des Sonnenguckers, Phrynocephalus helioscopus, in der Türkei wird durch Punktkarten dargestellt. A. stellio und A. caucasia schließen sich gegenseitig horizontal und vertikal aus. Das Areal von A. stellio wird durch die März-Isotherme von 8°C und die Juli- und August-Isothermen von 24°C definiert. A. ruderata kommt zwar in den großen, ursprünglichen Steppengebieten Zentral- und Südost-Anatoliens vor, fehlt aber in den Steppen Ost-Anatoliens.

BHATNAGAR, A.N. & Y.T. YONISS (1977): Chromosome cytology of two lizards, Agama ruderata and Mabuya aurata septemtaeniata. – Caryologia, 30 (4): 399-409.

EID, E.K.A., AMR, Z.S.S., AL JOHANY, A.M.H., ANDERSON, S., NILSON, G., SEVINC, M., TOK, V., SADEK, R., DISI, A.M., HRAOUI-BLOQUET, S., LYMBERAKIS, P., UGURTAS, I.H. & P.-A. CROCHET (2012): Trapelus ruderatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T164567A1058706.

KUZNETSOV, A. (1977): New data on the distribution of Agama ruderata and Vipera lebetina in south-east Azerbaidyan. – In: Darevskij, I.S. (ed.): Fourth all-Union Herpetological Conference. Questions of Herpetology. – Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Zoologicheskij Institut. Izdatel´stvo ´Nauka´. Leningrad. 123-124.

KREUTZ, R. (1988): Zur Haltung und Zucht von Agama ruderata. – herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 10 (54): 6-11.

OLIVIER, G.A. (1807): Description of Trapelus ruderatus. – In:“Voyage dans l’Empire Othoman, l’Egypte et la Perse”. Vol. 4. Agasse, Paris.

RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N. (2000): Taxonomic status of Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier) and T. persicus (Blanford), and validity of T. lessonae (De Filippi). – Amphibia-Reptilia, 21: 91-102.

RASTEGAR-POUYANI, N. (2010): Nomenclatural dilemma of Trapelus ruderatus-lessonae-persicus (Sauria: Agamidae): solving the puzzle. - Abstracts of the Second International Symposium on Agamid Lizards «DeAgamis2». - Current Studies in Herpetology, 10 (3/4): 153.


Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus (OLIVIER, 1804)

Ruinenagame / Horn-scaled Agama


Trapelus ruderatus baluchianus (SMITH,1935)

Ruinenagame / Horn-scaled Agama


Trapelus ruderatus fieldii (HAAS & WERNER, 1969)

Ruinenagame / Horn-scaled Agama


Trapelus sanguinolentus PALLAS, 1814

Steppenagame / Steppe Agama

ANANJEVA, N.B. & O.J. TSARUK (1987): The taxonomic status of the steppe agama, Trapelus sanguinolenta in the Praecaucasus. – Proceedings of the Zoological Institute Leningrad, St. Petersburg, 158: 39-46.

HERBER, F.A. (1963): Bemerkungen zur Biologie und Pflege der Steppenagame Agama sanguinolenta. – Aquarien Terrarien, Leipzig, 1963 (10): 161-162. (1196)

KAMALOVA, Z.Y. & A.G. DAVLETSHINA (1975): Feeding of Agama sanguinolenta in various regions of Central Asia. – Uzbekskii Biol. Zh., 1975 (1): 49-51. (in Russisch)

KUBYKIN, R.A. & Z.K. BRUSHKO (1977): Molting of the steppe agama, Agama sanguinolenta (Pall.), in the southern Balkhash Lake region. – Trudy zool. Inst.Leningrad, 74: 69-72. (in Russisch)

LUKINA, N.A. (1994): Peculiarities of the chromosome structure from oocytes in two lacertid species – Teratoscincus scincus (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) and Trapelus sanguinolentus (Reptilia, Agamidae). – Tsitologiya, 36 (8): 874-879.

NOVÁK, K., VELENSKÝ, P. & O. KOPECKÝ (2020): Signaling, Agonistic Behavior, and Life-History Traits of Steppe Agama (Trapelus sanguinolentus) in Prague Zoo. – Russian Journal of Herpetology, 27 (6): 334-340.

Life history traits are influenced by many factors, such as social structure, social displays and aggressive interactions. We investigated signalling and agonistic behavior in relation to body condition and lifespan in Trapelus sanguinolentus, a small, semi-arboreal, oviparous agamid lizard from the Central Asia. We individually examined basic morphological characteristics, number of performed signal displays and relative success in agonistic interactions (via Clutton-Brock index). Life expectancy of males did not differ from life expectancy of females. Overall variability of signals was low and simple push-up display was prevalent signal type for both sexes. Frequency of performed signals differed between sexes with males signalling more. For both sexes number of signals was not associated with life expectancy. Interaction of life expectancy and sex was also not significant. In females — body condition influenced number of performed signals when individuals in better body condition signalled more. Most of agonistic interactions was solved by means of signal displays and did not lead to a direct physical combat. While in males association between CBI and number of signals was not significant, in females higher value of CBI means more performed signals. Conditions of our study (sex ratio 4:1 in favor of females, 20 individuals on 16.5 m2 of terrarium) means that agonistic signals have greater importance for females. The agonistic interactions in females led to direct physical combat more frequently could reflect more competitive intra-sexual environment. Females in better body condition probably used higher signalling activity and better performance in direct combat for access to mates and to places for sunbathing and oviposition.

ORLOVA, V.F. (1981): Agama sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1814) - Steppenagame. – In: Böhme, W. (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Vol. 1 Echsen (Sauria) I. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden. 149-160.

OVEZMUKHAMMEDOV, A. (1975): Octosporella sanguinolenti sp. n. – a new species of coccidian from Agama sanguinolenti Pallas. – Izvestiya Akad. Nauk Turkmen. SSR (Biol.), 1975 (4): 87-88. (in Russisch)

PETZOLD, H.-G. (1981): Agama sanguinolenta (Pallas 1814) Steppenagame. – Aquarien Terrarien, Leipzig, 28 (6): 215. (1104)

ROTTER, J. (1956): Die Bekanntschaft mit der Steppenagame. – Aquarien Terrarien, Leipzig, 3 (12): 373-375. (1245)


Trapelus sanguinolentus sanguinolentus (PALLAS, 1827)

Steppenagame / Steppe Agama


Trapelus sanguinolentus aralensis (LICHTENSTEIN, 1823)

Steppenagame / Steppe Agama


Trapelus savignii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837


MÜLLER, H.D. (2001): Trapelus savignyi (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837) – Erfahrungen mit der Terrarienhaltung. – elaphe N.F., Rheinbach, 9 (4): 7-16. (02.978 / 00.977)

Die Agame Trapelus savignyi wird seit vielen Jahren fast regelmäßig in kleinen Stückzahlen importiert. Viele dieser Wildfänge haben es in der ersten Zeit nach dem Kauf schwer, wieder in einen guten Gesundheitszustand zu gelangen. Mitverantwortlich dürften ein Mangel an Haltungsgeschreibungen und der besonders in früheren Jahren schlechte Zustand der Tiere beim Kauf sein. Die Art ist bei Beachtung einiger Besonderheiten im Terrarium durchaus haltbar und nachziehbar.

WAGNER et al. (2011):Opening a box of cryptic taxa – the first review of the North African desert lizards in the Trapelus mutabilis Merrem, 1820 complex (Squamata: Agamidae) with descriptions of new taxa

WAGNER, P. & P.-A. CROCHET (2009): The status of the nomina Trapelus savignyi Audouin, 1827 and Agama savignii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837 and the valid nomen of the Savigny’s Agama (Sauria: Agamidae). – Zootraxa, 2209: 57-64.

Trapelus schmitzi WAGNER & BÖHME, 2007


WAGNER, P. & W. BÖHME (2007): A new species of the genus Trapelus CUVIER, 1816 (Squamata: Agamidae) from arid central Africa. – Bonner zoologische Beiträge, Bonn, 55 (2): 81-87.

Abstract:
The Saharo-Sindian genus Trapelus contains 14 species, four of which occur in northern Africa. One of these taxa, Trapelus mutabilis, has a very widespread distribution from West to East Africa along the northern Saharan border. It has been identified as a species complex that includes several cryptic taxa. Together with a key of the so far described African spcies of the genus, the description of the first of these cryptic taxa is presented here.

WAGNER et al. (2011):Opening a box of cryptic taxa – the first review of the North African desert lizards in the Trapelus mutabilis Merrem, 1820 complex (Squamata: Agamidae) with descriptions of new taxa

WAGNER, P., WILMS, T.M. & A. SCHMITZ (2008): First record of Trapelus schmitzi Wagner & Böhme 2007 (Sauria: Agamidae) from Algeria. – Revue Suisse de Zoologique, 115: 491-495.

Trapelus tournevillei LATASTE, 1880

Sahara Agama

BARTS, M. (2002): Weitere Daten zur Lebensweise von Trapelus tournevillei (LATASTE, 1880) (Sauria, Agamidae). – Sauria, Berlin, 24 (2): 19-22. (02.299)
The dune agama, Trapelus tournevillei, was observed at Nefta, SE Tunisia, and found to be restricted to living in amongst tufts of grass on solitary sand dunes. Relevant field and terrarium observations are related. A case of inadvertent hybridization T. mutabilus x T. tournevillei is briefly summarized. The species is probably incompatible with Baygon insecticide strips.

JOGER, U., GENIEZ, P. &  S. NOUIRA (2006): Trapelus tournevillei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61588A12501750. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T61588A12501750

LATASTE, F. (1880): Diagnoses de reptiles nouveaux d’Algérie. 4. Agama Tournevillei, n. sp. -  Le Naturaliste 2: 325.

SCHLEICH, H.-H., KÄSTLE, W. & K. KABISCH (1996): Trapelus tournevillei Lataste, 1880 – In: Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein

WAGNER et al. (2011):Opening a box of cryptic taxa – the first review of the North African desert lizards in the Trapelus mutabilis Merrem, 1820 complex (Squamata: Agamidae) with descriptions of new taxa

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