Die Arbeitsgemeinschaft Agamen stellt sich vor
DGHT-AG Agamen

Literatur und Schriften


Stellagama


Stellagama stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758)

Hardun / Roughtail Rock Agama

ABO-TAIRA, A.M., ZAHER, M.M. & F.M. AL-BALDRY (1995): Morphometric characterization of the alimentary tract of Agama pallida and Agama stellio (Reptilia, Agamidae). – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 17 ©: 125-159.

ABO-TAIRA, A.M., ZAHER, M.M. & F.M. AL-BALDRY (1996): Sex and species determination based on external morphological characters in Agama pallida and Agama stellio. – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 21 (B): 259-279.

AL-HAJI, H., JANAKAT, S. & F. MAHMOUD (1987): Electron microscopic study of sperm tail differentiation of the Jordanian lizard Agama stellio. – Arabian Gulf Journal of Scientific Research, 5: 471-486.

ALLMOG, A., BONEN, H., HERMAN, K. & Y.L. WERNER (2005): Subspeciation or none? The hardun in the Aegean (Reptilia: Sauria: Agamidae: Laudakia stellio). – Journal of Natural History, 39 (7): 567-586.
Abstract:
A study aimed at testing the contested validity of the subspecies Laudakia stellio daani yielded novel insights into the essence of subspecies. We examined morphologically museum specimens from Greece, Aegean islands, and Anatolia (n=118; not all could be used in all analyses). Beyond the conventional mensural, meristic and qualitative characters we quantified 14 coloration characters, thus totalling 34 characters (including sex). Biometry was statistically analysed within and between the two geographically defined presumed subspecies, L. s. daani and L. s. stellio. Excluding or including broken-tailed specimens changed the outcome of tests. Significant minor directional asymmetry occurred in one of four character-taxon combinations. Phenetic cluster analyses poorly separated the two presumed subspecies when all characters, including those with disordant variation, were included; after selection of characters, the separation improved. Some biometrc characters distinguish the two presumed subspecies, confirming their validity. The associations of significant inter-character correlations differed between the two subspecies. Additionally, the two differed in parameters reflecting selection pressures and social structure: L. s. stellio is more colourful than L. s. daani; its sexual dimorphism is mainly chromatic, versus mensural in L. s. daani; and its population seems to include many males with underdeveloped callour scales; presumably socially subordinate, versus very few in L. s. daani.

ANONYMUS (1961): Agama stellio. – Lacerta, 19: 58.

ARBEL, A. (1982): The social organization of the agama lizard Agama stellio.- Israel – Land and Nature, 7: 53-60.

BAIG, K.J. (1992): Systematic studies of the stellio-group of Agama (Sauria: Agamidae). – PhD thesis, Islamaabad, Quaid-I-Azam University.

BAIG, K.J. & W. BÖHME (1991): Callous scalation in female agamid lizards (Stellio group of Agama) and ist functional implications. - Bonner zoologische Beiträge, Bonn, 42 (3-4): 275-281. (1146)

BAIG, K.J. & W. BÖHME (1997): Partition of the Stellio-group of Agama. – Proceedings of the 8th O.G. Meeting of the Soc. Euro. Herp. (SEH), Bonn, 21-26.

BARAN, I. (1985): Anadolu Agama stellio (Agamidae, Reptilia) populasyonlarinin taksonomik aratirilmasi [Taxonomische Untersuchungen an die Agama stellio (Agamidae, Reptilia) Populationen aus Anatolien]. – Doga Bilim Dergisi, A2: 161-169. (Türkisch mit deutscher Zusammenfassung)

BARAN, I., KASPAREK, M. & M. ÖZ (1989): On the distribution of four species of agama (Agamidae) in Turkey. – Zoology in the Middle East, Heidelberg, 3: 37-46.
Kurzfassung:
Die Verbreitung des Harduns, Agama stellio, der Kaukasischen Agame, A. caucasia, der Ruinenagame, A. ruderata, und des Sonnenguckers, Phrynocephalus helioscopus, in der Türkei wird durch Punktkarten dargestellt. A. stellio und A. caucasia schließen sich gegenseitig horizontal und vertikal aus. Das Areal von A. stellio wird durch die März-Isotherme von 8°C und die Juli- und August-Isothermen von 24°C definiert. A. ruderata kommt zwar in den großen, ursprünglichen Steppengebieten Zentral- und Südost-Anatoliens vor, fehlt aber in den Steppen Ost-Anatoliens.

BEUTLER, A. (1981): Agama stellio (LINNAEUS 1758) - Hardun. - In: Böhme, W. (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Band 1/I Echsen I.

BREHM, J.J. (1958): Bevindingen met hardoenen. – Lacerta, 16: 63-64.

BRISTOVETZKY, M. & I. PAPERNA (1980): Life cycle and transmission of Schellackia cf. Agamae, a parasite of the starred lizard Agama stellio. – International Journal of Parasitology, 20 (7): 882-883.

BURGERS, J. (1951): Mijn terrarium voor parelhagedissen en hardoenen. – Lacerta, 9 (6): 56-57.

CASCIO, P.L., CORTI, C. & L. LUISELLI (2001): Seasonal variations of the diet of Laudakia stellio (Agamia) from Nisyros Island, Dodecanese (Greece). – Herpetological Journal, 11: 33-35.

CROCHET, P.A., LYMBERRAKIS, P. & Y.L. WERNER (2006): The type specimens of Laudakia stellio (Linnaeus) (Reptilia: Agamidae) and its subspecies. – Journal of Natural History, 40 (7-8): 461-471.
Abstract:
Research on the widespread and polytypic lizard Laudakia stellio (Linnaeus, 1758) suffers from the lack of type specimens of the taxa included. This paper reviews the valid subspecies and the information about their type specimens, and designates neotypes where necessary.

DAAN, S. (1967): Variation and taxonomy of the hardun, Agama stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758). – Beaufortia, Amsterdam, 172 (14): 109-134.

DAAN, S. (1967): Variation and taxonomy of the Hardun, Agama stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758) (Reptilia, Agamidae). – Beaufortia, Amsterdas, 172 (14): 109-134.

DIECKMANN, M. (2009): FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions – häufig gestellte Fragen. Hardune. – Reptilia, Münster, 14 (6): 78-82.

DIECKMANN, M. (2010): Der Hardun Laudakia stellio. – Münster (Natur und Tier Verlag). 64 S.

DÜSEN, S. & M. ÖZ (2001): A study of the feeding biology of Laudakia (= Agama) stellio (L. 1758) (Lacertilia: Agamidae) populations in the Antalya region. – Turk. J. Zool., 25: 177-181.

Abstract:
The feeding biology of Laudakia (= Agama) stellio (L. 1758) was studied using 91 specimens collected from the Antalya region over two consecutive years (1995 and 1996). A total of 1224 prey items were identified and their frequency of occurrence and percent of diet were tabulated. The majority of the diet consisted of the class insecta (99.18 %), and within this class, Hymenoptera (72.21 %) was the major order represented, primarily by the families Formicidae (49.83 %) and Apidae (16.74 %). In addition to insects, L. stellio feeds on plant material, insect larvae and eggs, and even snails, showing opportunist feeding behaviour.

EFRATI, P., NIR, E. & A. YAARI (1970): Morphological and cytochemical observations on cells of the hemopoietic system of Agama stellio (Linnaeus). – Israel J. med. Sci., 6: 23-31.

EL-GHAZALY, N.A. & H.K. HUSSEIN (1991): Thermal behaviour, heat exchange and lethal temperature in two lizard species, Agama stellio and Ptychodactylus hasselquistii. – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 5: 165-176.

EL-TOUBI, M.R. (1947): Some observations on the osteology of the lizard, Agama stellio (Linn.). – Journal of Morphology, 81 (2): 135-149.

ENGEL, H. (1982): Der Hardun, ein europäischer Vertreter der Agamen. – Die Aquarien- und Terrarien-Zeitschrift, 35 (4): 154-156.

EYAL-GILADI, H. (1965): The development of Chondrocranium of Agama stellio. – Res. Rep. Hebrew Univ. Jerusalem Sci. Agri., 1: 272-273.

ENGEL, U. & H. ENGEL (1985): Durch Nachzucht erhalten: Der Hardun. - Aquarien Magazin, 1 (6): 217-219. (1140)

ESTERBAUER, H. (1985): El Hardun - der Schleuderschwanz (Agama stellio, Linné, 1758). - Aquaria, St.Gallen, 32 (5): 77-80.

EYAL-GILADI, H. (1964): The development of the chondrocranium of Agama stellis. – Acta zool., Stockholm, 45: 139-165.

FEDERMAN, R. & Y.L. WERNER (2007): Man-made environmental changes affect the boundary between two taxa of Laudakia. - Journal of Zoology, 2007: 1-8.

This project tested whether, and how, man-made changes in the environment would affect the boundary between parapatric-related taxa of Laudakia (Reptilia: Agamidae), whose distributions meet at a boundary between ecological regions. Israel is ecologically diverse with a mesic (Mediterranean) north and an arid (Saharo-Arabian) south. The lizard hardun Laudakia stellio is represented in Israel mainly by two subspecies: the Mediterranean Lau. s. ssp. and the desert Lau. s. brachydactyla. These are conventionally distinguished by the key character, number of subdigital lamellae under the fourth toe, visible in museum specimens examined for the purpose. The results revealed that during 1935–1978, the boundary between the two subspecies had shifted 15km southwards. This is interpreted as resulting from the documented southwards spread of irrigated agriculture. During this time, the average subdigital count of each subspecies near the inter-taxa boundary shifted slightly towards the average of the other subspecies. In each subspecies, in this area, at the same time, the coefficient of variation of the subdigital count increased. The last two processes are interpreted as reflecting reciprocal migration, enhanced by the documented expanded road system and intensified human transportation. Hence, in this case, anthropogenic developments have changed both the location and the genetic structure of the boundary between two parapatric taxa.

FRENKEL, G. & P.F. KRAICER (1971): The inhibition of adrenocortial function in the lizard Agama stellio. – Gen. comp. Endocr., 17: 158-163.

FROMMER, J. (2009): Zu Besuch bei Laudakia stellio und Pseudotrapelus sinaitus in Jordanien. – Iguana, 22 (1): 5-14.

GÖÇMEN, B., TASUNOĞLU, M. & E. TAŞKAVAK (2003): A taxonomic comparison of the Hardun, Laudakia stellio (Reptilia, Agamidae), populations of southern Turkey (Hatay) and Cyprus. – Zoology in the Middle East, Heidelberg, 28: 25-32.

GORMAN, G.C. & D. SHOCHAT (1972): Multiple lactate dehydrogenase alleles in the lizard Agama stellio. – Experientia, 28: 351-353.

GÜL, C., DINCASLAN, Y.E. & M. TOSONOGLU (2010): A new locality of the Starred Agama Laudakia stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758), from Sinop, north Anatolia. – Herpetozoa, Wien, 23 (1/2): 98-100.

GÜL, C. & M. TOSUNOĞLU (2011): Hematological reference intervals of four agamid lizard species from Turkey. – Herpetozoa, Wien, 24 (1/2): 51-59.

GÜL, C. & M. TOSUNOĞLU (2011): External morphological and osteological features of Turkish populations of Laudakia stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758). – Herpetozoa, Wien, 24 (1/2): 73-88.

HENLE, K. (1995): A brief review of the origin und use of ´stellio`in herpetology and a comment on the nomenclature and taxonomy of agamids of the genus Agama (sensu lato). - Herpetozoa, Wien, 8 (1/2): 3-9. (01.183)

HERREL, A., CLEUREN, H. & F. DE VREE (1995): Prey capture in the lizard Agama stellio. – Journal of Morphology, 224 (3): 313-329.

HERREL, A., CLEUREN, H. & F. DE VREE (1996): Kinematics of feeding in the lizard Agama stellio. – Journal of Experimental Biology, 199 (8): 1727-1742.

HERREL, A., CLEUREN, H. & F. DE VREE (1997): Quantitative analysis of jaw and hyolingual muscle activity during feeding in the lizard Agama stellio. – Journal of Experimental Biology, 200 (1): 101-115.

HUEY, R.B. & P.E. HERTZ (1982): Effects of body size and slope on sprint speed of a lizard Stellio (Agama) stellio. – J. exp. Biol., 97: 401-409.

HUSSEIN, M.F., BOULOS, R. & AL-BADRY, K.S. (1967): On the serum proteins of the lizards Chalcides ocellatus and Agama stellio in relation to heat death. – Proc. Egypt. Acad. Sci., 20: 59-64.

HUSSEIN, K.H. & K.M. SAID (1991): Effect of temperature and feeding on body we4ight and some physiological parameters of the blood of the lizard Agama stellio. – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 8 (A): 337-348.

KATTINGER, E. (1941): Makedonische Reptilien. I. Die Gorgonenechse (Hardun). – Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde, 52: 193-195.

KETE, R. & I.YILMAZ (2006): Antakya ve Gaziantep bölgesinde yasayan Laudakia stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758) (Agamidae, Lacertilia) üzerine morfolojik-taksonomik bir arastirma. – Anadola Universitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, Eskisehir, 7 (2): 377-386.

KOPAN, R. & Y. YOM-TOV (1982): Agama stellio (Reptilia: Sauria) feeding on avian eggs and chicks. – Israel J. Zool., Jerusalem, 31: 159-160

LACHMANN, E., CARMELY, H. & Y.L. WERNER (2006): Subspeciation befogged by the “Seligmann effect”: the case of Laudakia stellio (Reptilia: Sauria: Agamidae) in southern Sinai, Egypt. – Journasl of Natural History, 40 (19-20): 1259-1284.
Abstract:
A study aimed at clarifying the taxonomic status of the variable hardun population of the south Sinai mountains, hitherto included in Laudakia stellio brachydactyla, encountered the confounding role of the “Seligman effect” – the biometrical difference between original (whole)-tailed and regenerated (or broken)-tailed individuals. We morphologically examined museum specimens from the Negev, Israel, and Sinai, Egypt (N=117; including 58 focal specimens used in all analyses). We used 23 conventional mensural, meristic, and qualitative characters (besides sex). Biometry was statistically analysed, separately for each sex, within and between two geographically disparate populations constituting potential subspecpies, typical L. s. brachydactyla in the Negev and north Sinai, and the questioned south Sinai population. Multivariate analyses poorly separated the two geographical populations. Within each of these, the original-tailed and regenerated-tailed subsamples significantly differed in some characters (“Seligmann effect”). After excluding the regenerated-tailed specimens, principal components analysis separated the two populations at conventional subspecies level. The two significantly differ in several characters, in one without overlap. Hence the south Sinai population is described as L. s. salehi Werner n. ssp. The morphology-based key distinguishing them was tested on additional specimens and yielded geographically coherent results for all specimens. Minor directional asymmetry of the subdigitalia was left-dominant and highly significant only in the regenerated-tailed subsample (lumping sexes and regions). Associations of significant inter-character correlations differed a little between the two subspecies, indicating a possibility of functional and ecological differences.

LANGERWERF, B. (1977): The starred lizard Agama stellio in the terrarium. – Lacerta, 35 (6): 84-86. (in Niederländisch)

LANGERWERF, B.  (1982): Agama stellio, with observations on is care and breeding in captivity. - Brit. Herpet. Soc. Bull., 3: 32-35.

LEHMANN, H. (1958): Meine erste Bekanntschaft mit dem Hardun. – Die Aquar. Terrar. Z., Stuttgart, 11: 59-60.

LOMAN, J., HELIN, T. & M. OLSSON (2013): Territoriality and allometry in a population of harduns Laudakia stellio on Rhodes. - Bull. Soc. Herp. Fr., 2013 (145/146): 205-218.

Harduns (Laudakia stellio (Linnaeus, 1758) were captured in April and June outside the city of Rhodes. Snout-vent length, weight, head width and jaw length was measured on all 74 individuals. Males were identified on basis of present precloacal glands. Larger males were heavier and had larger heads in relation to body length than females. Twenty nine agamas at a subsite were also painted with numbers visible at a distance and their home ranges were mapped. Some of the adult males were frequently observed. They maintained exclusive home ranges. The home ranges of some, usually smaller, males overlapped each other and those of the males in the first group. Two out of three large territorial males kept their territories from April to June while one (who had lost in weight) was replaced. Also the pattern of female home ranges suggests a tendency to intrasexual territoriality, especially if the smallest females are not considered. The home ranges of juveniles overlapped each other and those of adult males and females. The April juvenile home ranges were particularly large. Open aggression was rare. Only when an apparently strange male entered the study area was he physically attacked.


LUTZMANN, N. & F. BAIER (2005): Notizen zum Schlafverhalten von Laudakia stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758) auf Samos und Zypern. – Iguana Rundschreiben, 18 (2): 4-8.
Inhalt:
Beobachtung auf Zypern, Beobachtungen auf Samos, Diskussion, Dank, Literatur.

MARONDE, M. (1983): Beobachtungen an Agama stellio. – Sauria, Berlin, 5 (1): 13-15.

MIENIS, H.K. (1981): Land snails in faecal pellets of Agama stellio. - Salamandra, Frankfurt/Main, 17 (3/4): 205-206. (00.888)

MIENIS, H.K. (1990): Predation on landsnails by the lizard Agama stellio in Israel. – Zeitschrift für Angewandte Zoologie, 77 (2): 253-256.

MODRY, D. (1996): “Obycejna agama” Laudakia stellio. – Akvarium Terarium, 39 (6): 31-35.

MODRY, D. (1996): “Obycejna agama” Laudakia stellio. 2. Choiv v zajeti. – Akvarium Terarium, 39 (7): 30-33.

MODRY, D. & P. NECAS (1997): Laudakia stellio. – Reptilia, Münster, 2 (6): 39-42.

MÜLLER, P.M. (2006): Die griechische Dracheninsel – Hardune (Laudakia stellio) auf Rhodos mit einer Anmerkung zu Hemidactylus turcicus als möglichen Prädator für Mesobuthus gibbosus anatolicus. – Iguana-Rundschreiben, 19 (2): 12-15.

NEVO, E. (1981): Genetic variation and climatic selection in the lizard Agama stellio in Israel and Sinai. – Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 60: 369-380.

NUSSGRUBER, M. (2012): Der Hardun – Laudakia stellio. – Online Aquarium Magazine, 74: 20-23.

OSTROVSKA, K. & I. PAPERNA (1987): Ultrastructural studies on the merogony of Schellackia cf. Agamae (Lankesterellidae, Apicomplexa) from the starred lizard Agama stellio. – Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Compraree, 62 (5): 380-386.

ÖZDEMIR, N., GÜL, C. & M. TOSUNOGLU (2011): Genomic variation withion Laudakia stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758) (Sauria: Agamidae) in Turkey, based on analyses of mitochondrial 12S rRNA sequences. – Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, Faisalabad, 10 (4): 415-420.

PÁČ, L. (1968): Sensory nerve endings in the joint capsules of some Lacertilia (Agama stellio, Physignathus lesueuri). – Scr. Med. (Spisy lék. Fak. Purkyn. Univ.), 41: 155-161. (in Tschechisch)

PANOV, E.N. & Y.ZYKOVA (1997): Differentiation and interrelations of two representatives of Laudakia stellio complex (Reptilia: Agamidae) in Israel. – Russian Journal of Herpetology, 4: 102-114.

PANOV, E.N. & L.Y ZYKOVA (1997): Population structure and social behavior of the Hardum [sic!] Laudakia stellio, in Israel. – In: Rocek, Z. (ed.): Herpetology ’97 (Abstr. 3rd World Congr. Herpet.) –Prague, 157-158.

SABER, S.A. (2010): Preferred body temperature of free-ranging starred agama Laudakia stellio (Linnaeus, 1758) (Agamidae) from Egypt. - Abstracts of the Second International Symposium on Agamid Lizards «DeAgamis2». - Current Studies in Herpetology, 10 (3/4): 154.

SABER, S.A. (2012): Preferred body temperature of free-ranging Starred Agama Laudakia stellio (Linnaeus, 1758) (Agamidae) from Egypt. – Russian Journal of Herpetology, 19 (2).

Preferred body temperature of Starred Agama Laudakia stellio collected from Western Coastal Desert of Egypt was monitored telemetrically in a temperature gradient. It was found to be a good thermo regulator lizard using behavioral means. Shuttling behavior between the hot and cold sides of the temperature gradient was found to be the main means of body temperature regulation. The mean selected body temperature was 35.9 and 37.7°C at day and 32.9 and 37.2°C at night in males and females, respectively. At LD it showed a well defined circadian rhythm with high selected body temperature during photophase and low value during scotophase. Under LL and DD the amplitude of the body temperature rhythm was greatly reduced. It was found that Laudakia stellio selected lower body temperature at night in spite of the availability of a wide range of temperatures in the thigmothermal temperature gradient which may prolong potential foraging time the following day.

PROBST, W. (1973): Agamemnon (Agama stellio). – Die Aquarien- und Terrarien-Zeitschrift, 26 (3): 102-103.

ROGNER, M. (1983): Zur Biologie des Harduns (Agama stellio) und seiner Verbreitung in der Türkei. – Die Aquarien- und Terrarien-Zeitschrift, 36 (5): 188-192.

SAID, E.E. & A. AL-HUSSAINI (19171): Histophysiology of the endocrine pancreas of the heterotherms Bufo regularis Reuss and Agama stellio L. – Proceedings Egypt. Acad. Sci., 23: 241-248.

SCHACHER, J.F. & G.M. KHALIL (1967): Foleyella phillistinae sp.n. (Nematode: Filarioidea) from the lizard, Agama stellio, in Lebanon,with notes on Foleyella agamae (Rodhain, 1906). – J. Parasit., 53: 763-767.

SHAHAM, Y. & Z. LEWITUS (1971): Radioiodine metabolism in the thyroid gland of the lizard Agama stellio. – Gen. comp. Endocr., 17: 142-148.

SIMONS, R. (1877): Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Harduns (Stellio vulgaris). – Zool. Garten, Frankfurt am Main, 18: 314-321.

SKADHAUGE, E. & I. DUVDEVANI (1977): Cloacal absorption of NaCI and water in the lizard Agama stellio. – Comparative Biochem. Physiol. (A), 56 (3): 275-279.

SOWIG, P. & C. SOWIG (1989): Der Hardun, Agama stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758) auf der Ionischen Insel Paxos gesichtet. - Salamandra, Bonn, 25 (2): 117-119. (0524)

SULAHIAN, A. & J.F. SCHACHER (1968): Thelandros (Parapharyngoden) tyche sp.n. (Nematoda: Oxyuroidea) and Abbreviata adonisi sp.n. (Nematoda: Physalopteroidea) from the lizard Agama stellio in Lebanon. – J. Helminth., 42: 373-382.

THOMPSON, M.J.A. (1957): The Starred Agama (A. stellio). – King´s Coll. Hospital Gazette, 1957: 40-42.

TOFOHR, O. (1900):  Der Hardun im Terrarium. - Blätter für Aquarien und Terrarien-Kunde, 11 (1): 5-8.

TROIDL, A. & S. TROIDL (2008): Fotoexkursionen zu den Hardunen auf der Kykladeninsel Tinos (Griechenland). – Iguana-Rundschreiben, 20 (2): 4-10.

WERNER, F. (1900): Der Dornschwanz oder Hardun. – Nerthus 2: 185-187.

WERNER, Y.L. (1992): Identity and distribution of Agama stellio picea Parker (Sauria: Agamidae), endemic to the volcanic desert of Jordan. – Zoology in the Middle East, Heidelberg, 6: 41-44.
Kurzfassung:
Agama stellio picea PARKER, 1935, wurde deutlich als seine schwarze Echse, von der nur das Weibchen orange getupft ist, aus der transjordanischen Lavawüste definiert. Dies wird durch drei spätere Sammlungen bestätigt. Während die Unterart nach derzeitigem Wissen in Jordanien endemisch ist, wurde ihr Name irrtümlicherweise für andere A. stellio Populationen in Nachbarländern angewandt.

WERNER (2006): Subspeciation befogged by the “Seligman effect”: the case of Laudakia stellio (Reptilia: Sauria: Agamidae) in southern Sinai, Egypt. – J. Nat. Hist., 40 (19-20): 1270.

XYDA, A. (1983): The differentiation of local populations of the lizard Agama stellio of Greece and Cyprus. – PhD thesis, Athens. University of Athens (Greece).

XYDA, A. (1983): A biometricapproach to the differentiation of the island populations of the lizard Agama stellio. – Rapports et Procès Verbaux des Réunions – Commission Internationale pour l´Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Mediterranée, 28 (8): 113-116.

XYDA, A. (1986): Supplementary evidence on the biometry and ecoilogy of the lizard Stellio stellio of Greece and Cyprus. – Biologia Gallo-helenica, 12: 451-458.

YILDIZ, M.Z., SARIKAYA, B. & M.A. BOZKURT (2019): The Herpetofauna of the Province of Hatay (East Mediterranean Turkey). - Biological Diversity and Conservation, 12 (2): 197-205.

In this research, it is intended to determine amphibian and reptile species distributed in Hatay province (East Mediterranean region, Turkey). For this aim, it is realized herpetological trip to al region of the province of Hatay in March, April, May, July, September and October in 2016 and in March and May in 2017. As a result of this study, it is recorded five anuran, two urodela species belong to five families, six chelonian belong to 5 families, and 17 lizard belong to seven families and 22 snake species belong to four families in the province Hatay (7 amphibians and 45 reptiles in total). As a result of this project; Trapelus lessonae (De filippi, 1865), and Eirenis barani Schmidtler, 1988 were recorded for in the province of Hatay in first. We report the most updated information regarding the herpetofauna of Hatay province.

ZAHER, M.M., ABDEL-KADER, I.Y., ABD-ALLA, W. & F. AL-BADRY (1995): Comparative study on anatomy, histology and histochemistry of the gut of two agamid species Agama pallida & Agama stellio. – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 17 (C): 423-465.

ZAHER, M.M., ABDELLAH, W.A. & F. AL-BADRY (1996): Histochemistry of phosphatase enzymes in the gut regions of Agama pallida and Agama stellio (Agamidae, Reptilia). – Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 19 (C): 93-104.



Stellagama stellio stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758)

Hardun / Roughtail Rock Agama

BIRKENMEIER, E. (1952): Feldbeobachtungen an Agama stellio stellio Linné und Lacerta sicula hieroglyphica Berthold: - Die Aquar. Terrar. Z., Stuttgart, 5: 50-51.

BRAMMAH, M., HOFFMAN,  J. & W. AMOS (2010): Genetic divergence between and within two subspecies of Laudakia stellio on islands in the greek cyclades. - The Herpetological Journal 20: 91-98.

The study of genetic differentiation between allopatric island populations should ideally account for regional palaeogeography, as this can often help to explain current distribution patterns. Here we present a study of two subspecies of the lizard Laudakia stellio in the Greek Cyclades, an excellent model for studying vicariant speciation over a relatively short geological timescale: L. s. stellio on the islands of Mykonos and Delos; and L. s. daani on Paros and Naxos. Using AFLP techniques, we demonstrate a high degree of genetic differentiation both between and within the two subspecies, and relate this to the known palaeogeography of this region. Our results suggest that the genetic differences between the populations of the two subspecies can be explained by a more recent colonization of Paros and Naxos by L. s. daani, with L. s. stellio having been established in the Cyclades for a longer period of time.

BROGGI, M. (2019): Herpetological notes on Mauremys, Pelophylax and Stellagama from the Cyclades Island of Tinos (Greece). – Herpetozoa, 31 (3/4): 225-229.

FREYNIK, C. (2010): Über die eurasischen Hardune Laudakia stellio stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758) und Laudakia stellio daani (BEUTLER & FRÖR, 1980). – Sauria, Berlin, 32 (1): 13-29.

KASTAROPOULOS, I. & N.S. LOUMBOURDIS (2002): Seasonal alterations of glycogen, lactate and total protein concentration in the muscles of Agama stellio stellio (Sauria Agamidae). – Amphibia-Reptilia, 23 (4): 523-527.

LINNAEUS, C. (1758): Description of Stellagama stellio stellio. – In: “Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis”. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp.

LOUMBOURDIS, N.S. & M.E. KATTOULAS (1982): Ovarian cycle of the lizard Agama stellio stellio. - Amphibia-Reptilia, 2: 343-348. (1111)

LOUMBOURDIS, N.S. & M.E. KATTOULAS (1982): Seasonal changes in the testes and ductus epididymis of the lizard Agama stellio stellio. - Amphibia-Reptilia, 3: 221-229. (1113)

LOUMBOURDIS, N.S. & M.E. KATTOULAS (1985): Seasonal changes in liver and fat body masses in the lizard Agama stellio stellio (Sauria, Agamidae). – Amphibia-Reptilia, 6: 155-162.

LOUMBOURDIS, N.S. & M.E. KATTOULAS (1986): The tail of the lizard Agama stellio stellio: energetics, significance and comments on its regeneration. – Amphibia-Reptilia, 7: 167-170.

ÜÇÜNCÜ, N., GÖÇMEN, B. & S. ÜÇÜNCÜ (2001): Dikenli keler Laudakia stellio stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758) (Reptilia, Lacertilia) rektumunda yasayan Protozoonlar ve yapilari. –Türkiye Parazitoloji Dergisi, Izmir, 25 (1): 79-83.

Stellagama stellio brachydactyla (HAAS, 1955)

Hardun / Roughtail Rock Agama

DIECKMANN, M. (2009): Zur Haltung von Laudakia stellio brachydactyla (HAAS, 1951) im Terrarium. – Terraristika Begleitheft, 33: 4-32.

DIECKMANN, M. (2010): Zur Haltung von Laudakia stellio brachydactyla (HAAS, 1951) im Terrarium. – Sauria, Berlin, 32 (4): 17-25.
Following a sumary of ist general appearance, sexual dimorphism, distribution, natural habitats, and ethology, Laudakia stellio brachydactyla is portrayed in detail as to ist husbandry requirements. Its behaviour and annual rhythm are described, including its dietary and hibernation needs-

ESTERBAUER, H. (1988): Ökologische und verhaltensbiologische Beobachtungen an Agama stellio brachydactyla HAAS, 1955 in Transjordanien. – elaphe, Lübben, 10 (3): 49-51.

FRANK, M. (2000): Faszinierende Kletterkünstler. Die Schleuderschwanz-agame Laudakia stellio brachydactyla. – Terraria, Münster, 3 (1): 38-46.

FRITZ, P. (2010): Vergesellschaftung… macht man nicht… …oder doch? – Iguana, 23 (1): 23-28.

HAAS, G. (1951): A new subspecies of Agama stellio (L.) from Southern Israel (Negev), Agama stellio brachydactyla, subsp. nov. – Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., 4 (12): 1052-1053.

Stellagama stellio cypriaca (DAAN, 1967)

Hardun / Roughtail Rock Agama

KABISCH, K. (2007): Beobachtungen am Zyprischen Hardun, Laudakia stellio cypriaca (DAAN, 1967). – Sauria, Berlin, 29 (2): 5-12.
Abstract:
Laudakia stellio cypriaca is very common on Cyprus. The agamids love in a great variety of habitats. Daily activity, night shelters, flight distance and behaviour, prey, and predators were observed.

OXTOBY, G.P. (1988): Waarnemingen aan de herpetofauna van Cyprus (2). De hardoen (Agama stellio cypriaca). - Lacerta, 46 (9): 138-140. (1538)


Stellagama stellio daani (BEUTLER & FRÖR, 1980)

Hardun / Roughtail Rock Agama

BEUTLER, A. & E. FRÖR (1980): Description of Stellagama stellio daani. – In: - Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Nordkykladen (Griechenland). Mitteilungen der Zoologischen Gesellschaft Braunau, 3: 255—290.

BRAMMAH, M., HOFFMAN,  J. & W. AMOS (2010): Genetic divergence between and within two subspecies of Laudakia stellio on islands in the greek cyclades. - The Herpetological Journal 20: 91-98.

The study of genetic differentiation between allopatric island populations should ideally account for regional palaeogeography, as this can often help to explain current distribution patterns. Here we present a study of two subspecies of the lizard Laudakia stellio in the Greek Cyclades, an excellent model for studying vicariant speciation over a relatively short geological timescale: L. s. stellio on the islands of Mykonos and Delos; and L. s. daani on Paros and Naxos. Using AFLP techniques, we demonstrate a high degree of genetic differentiation both between and within the two subspecies, and relate this to the known palaeogeography of this region. Our results suggest that the genetic differences between the populations of the two subspecies can be explained by a more recent colonization of Paros and Naxos by L. s. daani, with L. s. stellio having been established in the Cyclades for a longer period of time.

BRUEKERS, J. (2013): Over een rode Hardoen (Laudakia stellio daani). – Lacerta, 71 (5): 217-218.

DIECKMANN, M. (2004): Hardune im Terrarium – Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Vermehrung von Laudakia stellio daani (LINNAEUS, 1759). – elaphe N.F., Rheinbach, 12 (2): 26-36.

FREYNIK, C. (2010): Über die eurasischen Hardune Laudakia stellio stellio (LINNAEUS, 1758) und Laudakia stellio daani (BEUTLER & FRÖR, 1980). – Sauria, Berlin, 32 (1): 13-29.

SCHLÜTER, U. (1988): Der Hardun. Plocederma stellio daani auf Rhodos beobachtet. - Das Aquarium, 32 (350): 56-60.


Stellagama stellio picea (PARKER, 1935)

Hardun / Roughtail Rock Agama

CHILDRESS, J.R. (1970): Observations on the reproductive cycle of Agama stellio picea. – Herpetologica, 26: 149-155.

ESTERBAUER, H. (1985): Lebensraum und Lebensweise von Agama stellio picea in Syrien. - Die Aquar. Terrar. Z., Stuttgart, 38 (3): 134-138. (2283)

LIEKMEIER, M. & T. TACHWALY (2006): Kleine Agama ganz groß – Laudakia stellio picea (PARKER, 1935) (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) im Terrarium. – Iguana-Rundschreiben, 19 (2): 16-23.
Kurzfassung:
Von der kleinsten Unterart von Laudakia stellio liegen nur wenige Haltungsberichte vor. Sie wird hier als hochinteressanter Terrarienpflegling vorgestellt. Des Weiteren werden die gesammelten Haltungserfahrungen vermittelt.

PARKER, H.W. (1935): A new melanic lizard from Transjordan, and some speculations concerning melanism. – Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 135: 137-142.

VERHOEKS, R. (2003): Ervaringen met de Hardoen - Laudakia stellio picea. – Lacerta, 61 (4): 154-157.

Stellagama stellio salehi (WERNER in LACHMANN et al., 2006)

Hardun / Roughtail Rock Agama

EVERS, M. (2010): Der Hardun, ein liebenswerter Artist im Terrarium. – Die Aquarien- und Terrarien-Zeitschrift, 63 (12): 58-65.

SCHMIDT, S. & A. MOHR (2007): Haltung und Nachzucht von Laudakia stellio am Beispiel von Laudakia stellio salehi (WERNER in LACHMANN et al., 2006). – Iguana-Rundschreiben, 20 (1): 16-22.
Zusammenfassung:
Dieser Bericht zeigt die verschiedenen Unterarten der Art Laudakia stellio auf und informiert insbesondere über die neu beschriebene Art L. s. salehi und deren Haltung und Zucht.

WERNER, Y.L. (2006): Description of Stellagama stellio salehi. – In: - Lachmann, E., Carmely, H. & Y.L. Werner (eds.): Subspeciation befogged by the ‘‘Seligmann effect’’: the case of Laudakia stellio (Reptilia: Sauria: Agamidae) in southern Sinai, Egypt. - Journal of Natural History, 2006; 40 (19–20): 1259–1284.

Stellagama stellio vulgaris (SONNINI & LATREILLE, 2006)

Hardun / Roughtail Rock Agama

SONNINI, C.S. & P.A. LATREILLE (1802): Description of Stellagama stellio vulgaris. – In: “Histoire naturelle des reptiles : avec figures dessinées d'apres nature”.Tome II Deterville, Paris. 332 pp.



zurück / back