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Literatur und Schriften


Sitana CUVIER, 1829

BAHUGUNA, A. (2015): New Species of Genus Sitana (Sauria: Agamidae) from Kalesar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, North Western India.
– International Journal of Advanced Research, Volume 3, Issue 1, 526-535

ERDELEN, W. (1998): The genera Otocryptis and Sitana (Sauria, Agamidae): geographic distribution, microhabitat use, and morphometric relations. – In: De Silva, A. (ed.): Biology and Conservation of the amphibians, reptiles and their habitats in south Asia. Amphibia and Reptile Research Organization of Sri Lanka, Peradeniya. 232-246.


Sitana bahiri AMARASINGHE, INEICH, & KARUNARATHNA, 2015


AMARASINGHE, A.A., INEICH, I. & D.M.S. KARUNARATHNA (2015): Two new species of the genus Sitana Cuvier, 1829 (Reptilia, Agamidae) from Sri Lanka, including a taxonomic revision of the Indian Sitana species. – Zootaxa, 3915 (1): 67-98.


Sitana deccanensis (JERDON, 1870)


JERDON, T. C. (1870): Notes on Indian Herpetology. – Proc. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 1870: 66-85.


Sitana devakai AMARASINGHE, INEICH, & KARUNARATHNA, 2015


AMARASINGHE, A.A., INEICH, I. & D.M.S. KARUNARATHNA (2015): Two new species of the genus Sitana Cuvier, 1829 (Reptilia, Agamidae) from Sri Lanka, including a taxonomic revision of the Indian Sitana species. – Zootaxa, 3915 (1): 67-98.


Sitana fusca SCHLEICH & KÄSTLE, 1998


SCHLEICH, H. H. & W. KÄSTLE (1998): Sitana fusca spec. nov., a further specimen from the Sitana sivalensis-complex.  –  In: SCHLEICH, H. H. & W. KÄSTLE (Eds.): Contributions to the Herpetology of South Asia (Nepal, India).  – Fuhlrott-Museum, Wuppertal: 207-226.


Sitana gokakensis DEEPAK, KHANDEKAR, CHAITANYA & KARANTH, 2018


Gokak fan-throated lizard

DEEPAK, V., KHANDEKAR, A., CHAITANYA, R. & P. KARANTH (2018): Descriptions of two new endemic and cryptic species of Sitana Cuvier, 1829 from peninsular India. - Zootaxa 4434 (2): 327–365.

Two new cryptic species of the agamid genus Sitana Cuvier, 1829 from Peninsular India are described herein. Sitana gokakensis sp. nov. from Gokak, Karnataka closely resembles Sitana thondalu sp. nov. from Nagarjuna Sagar, Andhra Pradesh. The two species can be distinguished based on their subtle morphological differences, genetic difference and geo-graphic distribution. Sitana gokakensis sp. nov. have a relatively depressed head compared to Sitana thondalu sp. nov. Additionally, the vertebral scale counts differ in females of the two new species (Sitana gokakensis sp. nov. 45–47 vs Si-tana thondalu sp. nov. 49–53). Genetic divergence between them is comparable to those between previously described Sitana species. Furthermore, the two new species are distributed ca. 500 km apart and are endemic to their respective land-scapes that lie in similar latitudes of peninsular India. We urge the use of large sample size in new species descriptions especially those dealing with cryptic species like Sitana. The discovery of the two new cryptic species from these rocky terrains in peninsular India highlights need for more herpetological exploration in this region.


Sitana laticeps DEEPAK, ZAMBRE, BHOSALE & GIRI, 2016


DEEPAK
, V., GIRI, Varad B., ASIF, M., DUTTA, S.K., VYAS, R., ZAMBRE, A.M., BHOSALE, H., KARANTH & K. PRAVEEN (2016). "Systematics and phylogeny of Sitana (Reptilia: Agamidae) of Peninsular India, with the description of one new genus and five new species". Contributions to Zoology 85 (1).


Sitana kalesari BAHUGUNA (2015)


BAHUGUNA, A. (2015): New Species of Genus Sitana (Sauria: Agamidae) from Kalesar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, North Western India.
– International Journal of Advanced Research, Volume 3, Issue 1, 526-535.


Sitana ponticeriana CUVIER, 1829

Vierzehenagame / Fan-throated Lizard

CAPTAIN, A. (2003): Das Portrait. Sitana ponticeriana CUVIER. – Sauria, Berlin, 25 (2): 3-15. (03.081)

Inhalt:
Familie, Beschreibung, Verbreitung und Biologie, Literatur.

CHOPRA, R.N. (1964): Observations on the egg-laying of the fanthroated lizard, Sitana ponticeriana Cuv. – J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., 61: 190-191.

CHOPRA, R.N. (1968): A study on food and feeding habits of Sitana ponticeriana Cuv. – J. Univ. Poona, 34: 153-156.

CUVIER, G. (1829): Le Regne Animal, distribué d'apres son Organisation, pour servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'Introduction à l'Anatomie comparé. Nouvelle Edition [2. Edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. – Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406.

DERANIYAGALA, P.E.P. (1957): Sitana ponticeriana mucronata subsp. nov. - Admin. Rep. nat. Mus. Ceylon Part IVE, 1957: 4E-5E.

GAY, T. (1976): The lizard Sitana ponticeriana in captivity. – Journal Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., 73 (2): 401-402.

PAL, A., SWAIN, M.M. & S. RATH (2011): Reproduction and sexual dichromatism in Sitana ponticeriana (Reptilia: Draconinae: Agamidae). – Taprobanica, 3: 31-37.

SCHLEICH, H.H. & W. KÄSTLE (1998): Studies on the morphology of Sitana sivalensis spec. nov. and Sitana ponticeriana Cuvier, 1829. – In: Schleich, H.H. & W. Kästle (Hrsg.): Contributions to the herpetology of south-Asia (Nepal, India). Fuhlrott-Museum, Wuppertal. 101-120.

PAL, A., PARIDA, S.B. & M.M. SWAIN (2008): Hematological and Plasma Biochemistry in Fan Throated Lizard Sitana ponticeriana (Sauria: Agamidae). – Russian Journal of Herpetology, Moscow, 15 (2): 110-116.

RUSSELL, A.P. & S.C. REWCASTLE (1979): Digital reduction in Sitana (Reptilia: Agamidae) and the dual roles of the fifth metatarsal in lizards. – Canadian Journal of Zoology, 57 (5): 1129-1135.

The agamid lizard Sitana ponticeriana shows complete loss of the fifth digit of the pes. This is unusual in a normal-limbed lizard and especially so as the region of the fifth digit serves as the focal point of the crural muscles operating to extend the foot. The pattern of digit reduction does not resemble that seen in lizards showing serpentiform tendencies. Sitana is bipedal at high speeds and has well developed, greatly elongated hind limbs. It thus provides an ideal natural experiment for testing recently advanced hypotheses concerning the functional role of the hooked fifth metatarsal and fifth digit of the pes in normal-limbed lizards. While the phalanges of the fifth digit and the shaft of the fifth metatarsal are absent, the proximal end of the fifth metatarsal remains, with a similar shape and topographic relationship to that seen in other lizards. The functional morphology of the remainder of the pes is only very slightly affected by the loss of the fifth digit indicating that it is functionally independent of the rest of the pes. The role of the proximal part of the fifth metatarsal as a 'heel bone' is strongly supported by the available evidence.

SUBBA RAO, M.V. & B.S. RAJABAI (1972): Influence of size, sex, temperature, season and climatic conditions on oxygen consumption in acclimated ground dwelling agamid lizard, Sitana ponticeriana, Cuvier. – Journal Anim. Morph. Physiol., 19 (2): 149-165.

SUBBA RAO, M.V. & B.S. RAJABAI (1973): Rhythmic activity in ground dwelling agamid lizard, Sitana ponticeriana Cuvier. – British J. Herpet., 4 (12): 328-332.

SUBBA RAO, M.V. & B.S. RAJABAI (1974): Time course of laboratory acclimation in the ground lizard, Sitana ponticeriana and the garden lizard, Calotes nemoricola. – Proceedings Indian Acad. Sci. (B), 79 (2): 96-102.

SUBBA RAO, M.V. & B.S. RAJABAI (1975): Respiratory rhythm in the ground dwelling agamid lizard, Sitana ponticeriana Cuvier. – Journal Anim. Morph. Physiol., 21 (1): 1-7.

SUBBA RAO, M.V., RAJABAI, B.S. & K. PAMPAPATHI RAO (1973): Changes in the chloride content in the blood of the ground dwelling agamid lizard, Sitana ponticeriana on thermal acclimation. – British J. Herpet., 5 (1): 374-381.

TRIVEDI, J.N., BAYANI, A.S., PRATYUSH, P. & B. SURESH (2011): Environmental factors do influence the nesting behaviour of fan-throated lizard Sitana ponticeriana (Cuvier). – The Bioscan, 6 (4): 593-595.

The extraneous factors those are driving the organism in nest site selection have received hardly any attention in nesting ecology studies despite their importance in drawing effective conservation and management programmes. The current study presents the results of a careful study made on the nest site selection and the behavioral mechanisms of Fan-throated Lizard, Sitana ponticeriana. The females were observed to show a choice for the selection of nesting sites, out of 10 nests 7 were found under a bush and the rest 3 nests were in the open ground. Temperature and humidity were observed to be the most important factors governing the nest site selection. Pseudo-nests were also recorded around the main nests that were made on open ground; which were perhaps constructed to deceive the predators and hence, protect the clutch. The activity of egg lying was found commences from late June and continued till the end of September. The clutch size was observed to be larger in the nests dug under the bush as compared to the nests that were constructed in the open ground. Though, parental care is not often seen in reptiles, the selection of cover to hide the clutch and construction of pseudo-nests observed in the current species has anything to indicate it is nothing but an ample testimony to the existence of primitive parental care in this group of animals.


Sitana schleichi ANDERS & KÄSTLE, 2002


ANDERS, C. & W. KÄSTLE (2002): Sitana schleichi n. sp. – In: SCHLEICH, H. H. & W. KÄSTLE (Eds.): Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. – A. R. G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell: 652-658.

Sitana sivalensis SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & SHAH,1998


SCHLEICH, H.H. & W. KÄSTLE (1998): Studies on the morphology of Sitana sivalensis spec. nov. and Sitana ponticeriana Cuvier, 1829. – In: Schleich, H.H. & W. Kästle (Hrsg.): Contributions to the herpetology of south-Asia (Nepal, India). Fuhlrott-Museum, Wuppertal. 101-120.

SCHLEICH
, H. H., W. KÄSTLE & K. B. SHAH (1998): Description of Sitana sivalensis spec. nov., (Sauria: Agamidae) from South Nepal.  –  In: SCHLEICH, H. H. & W. KÄSTLE (Eds.): Contributions to the Herpetology of South Asia (Nepal, India).  – Fuhlrott-Museum, Wuppertal: 87-100.


Sitana spinaecephalus DEEPAK, ZAMBRE, BHOSALE & GIRI, 2016


DEEPAK
, V., GIRI, Varad B., ASIF, M., DUTTA, S.K., VYAS, R., ZAMBRE, A.M., BHOSALE, H., KARANTH & K. PRAVEEN (2016). "Systematics and phylogeny of Sitana (Reptilia: Agamidae) of Peninsular India, with the description of one new genus and five new species". Contributions to Zoology 85 (1).


Sitana thondalu DEEPAK, KHANDEKAR, CHAITANYA & KARANTH, 2018


Nagarjuna Sagar fan-throated lizard

DEEPAK, V., KHANDEKAR, A., CHAITANYA, R. & P. KARANTH (2018): Descriptions of two new endemic and cryptic species of Sitana Cuvier, 1829 from peninsular India. - Zootaxa 4434 (2): 327–365.

Two new cryptic species of the agamid genus Sitana Cuvier, 1829 from Peninsular India are described herein. Sitana gokakensis sp. nov. from Gokak, Karnataka closely resembles Sitana thondalu sp. nov. from Nagarjuna Sagar, Andhra Pradesh. The two species can be distinguished based on their subtle morphological differences, genetic difference and geo-graphic distribution. Sitana gokakensis sp. nov. have a relatively depressed head compared to Sitana thondalu sp. nov. Additionally, the vertebral scale counts differ in females of the two new species (Sitana gokakensis sp. nov. 45–47 vs Si-tana thondalu sp. nov. 49–53). Genetic divergence between them is comparable to those between previously described Sitana species. Furthermore, the two new species are distributed ca. 500 km apart and are endemic to their respective land-scapes that lie in similar latitudes of peninsular India. We urge the use of large sample size in new species descriptions especially those dealing with cryptic species like Sitana. The discovery of the two new cryptic species from these rocky terrains in peninsular India highlights need for more herpetological exploration in this region.


Sitana visiri DEEPAK, ZAMBRE, BHOSALE & GIRI, 2016


DEEPAK
, V., GIRI, Varad B., ASIF, M., DUTTA, S.K., VYAS, R., ZAMBRE, A.M., BHOSALE, H., KARANTH & K. PRAVEEN (2016). "Systematics and phylogeny of Sitana (Reptilia: Agamidae) of Peninsular India, with the description of one new genus and five new species". Contributions to Zoology 85 (1).

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