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Literatur und Schriften


Saara GRAY, 1845


WILMS, T., BÖHME, W., WAGNER, P., LUTZMANN, N. & A. SCHMITZ (2009): On the phylogeny of the genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae) – Resurrection of the genus Saara Gray, 1845. – Bonner zoologische Beiträge, Bonn, 56 (1/2): 55-99.

Abstract:
We assessed the taxonomic relationships within the genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 using morphological and genetic methods, resuilting in the resurrection of the genus Saara Gray, 1845 for Saara hardwickii, S. asmussi and S. loricata and in changes of the taxonomic rank of Uromastyx nigriventris, U. aegyptia leptieni and U. shobraki. A synopsis of all taxa considered to be valid is provided, including differential diagnosis, description and data on their respective distribution. A key for the species of Saara and Uromastyx is presented.

WILMS, T., WAGNER, P. & W. BÖHME (2010): A review on the taxonomy of the genera Uromastyx and Saara. - Abstracts of the Second International Symposium on Agamid Lizards «DeAgamis2». - Current Studies in Herpetology, 10 (3/4): 157


Saara asmussi STRAUCH, 1863

Iranische Dornschwanzagame / Iranian Mastigure

ANANJEVA, N.B. & T.N. DUJSEBAYEVA (1997): SEM Study of skin sense organs in two Uromastyx species (Sauria: Agamidae) and Sphenodon punctatus (Rhynchocephalia: Sphenodontidae). – Russian Journal of Herpetology, 4 (1): 46-49.

External morphology and distribution of sense organs in the integument of Uromastyx assmussi and U. hardwickii and also of tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus were studied using SEM. Bristless skin organs in both species of Uromastyx and Sphenodon have large diameter (to 160 μm) and are few in the number (0 – 1 per scale) on cephalic and flank body scales. The reduction of sense organ number is discussed with respect of possible significance of this character in agamid system.

FAKHRI, S.S. (2012): New distribution range of Seistan Spiny-tail Ground Lizard (Uromastyx asmussi) in Pakistan. – Wildlife of Pakistan, 1 (1): 43.

RICHTER, E. (1961): Zwei Arten Dornschwanz-Agamen, Uromastyx asmussi und Uromastyx acanthinurus, also “Haustiere”. – Die Aquar. Terrar. Z., Stuttgart, 14: 374-377.

STRAUCH, A. (1863): Characteristik zweier neuer Eidechsen aus Persien. - Bulletin de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, 6:477-480.

Saara hardwickii GRAY, 1827

Indischer Dornschwanz / Hardwick´s Spiny-tailed Lizard

ABDULALI, H. (1960): Notes on the spinytailed lizard Uromastix hardwicki Gray. – J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., 57: 421-422.

AFROZ, H., ISHAQ, M. & S.S. ALI (1971): Seasonal changes in the lipids of adipose tissue in a hibernating lizard (Uromastix hardwickii). – Proceedings Soc. exp. Biol. Med., 136 (3): 894-898.

AHMAD, M.M., JAHANGEER, S. & A.K. MIR (1977): Effect of different anaesthetics on plasma glucose levels in Uromastyx hardwickii Gray. – Biologia, Lahore, 23 (1): 17-21.

AHMAD, U., TARIQ, S., SHABAB, M. & M. ARSLAN (1998): Annual histological changes in the adrenal gland of spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastyx hardwicki. – Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 30: 7-11.

AKHTAR, P. (1988): Effect of steroids on the oviduct of female spiny-tailed lizard. – Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 9: 120-124.

Effect of steroids (oestradiol, testosterone, methyl testosterone and cortisol) were studied on oviductal morphology of the spiny tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwicki, at different times of the year, infect of various steroids on oviductal histology was assessed in lizards obtained in July. Oestradiol and testosterone treatment induced a hypertrophy of the various layers of the oviduct and enlargement of the submucosal glands. Histology of the oviduct from methyl testosterone and cortisol treated lizards, was not different from that of the control animals. In cortisol treated lizards, the oviductal glands were markedly regressed.

ALI, S.S., FARHAT, H. & W.H. ELLIOTT (1976): Bile acids. 49. Allocholic acid, the major bile acid of Uromastix hardwickii. – Journal Lipid Res., 17 (1): 21-24.

ANANJEVA, N.B. & T.N. DUJSEBAYEVA (1997): SEM Study of skin sense organs in two Uromastyx species (Sauria: Agamidae) and Sphenodon punctatus (Rhynchocephalia: Sphenodontidae). – Russian Journal of Herpetology, 4 (1): 46-49.

External morphology and distribution of sense organs in the integument of Uromastyx assmussi and U. hardwickii and also of tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus were studied using SEM. Bristless skin organs in both species of Uromastyx and Sphenodon have large diameter (to 160 μm) and are few in the number (0 – 1 per scale) on cephalic and flank body scales. The reduction of sense organ number is discussed with respect of possible significance of this character in agamid system.

ARSLAN, M., LOBO, J., ZAIDI, A.A. & M.H. QAZI (1977): Effect of mammalian gonadotropins (HCG and PMSG) on testicular androgen production in the spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwickii. – General comp. Endocrf., 33 (1): 160-162.

ARSLAN, M., QURESHI, S. & Q. FAZAL (1975): Observations on the reproductive tract of normal and steroid treated spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Pakistan J. Zool., 7 (1): 83-92.

ATHAVALE, N.V., ASNANI, M.V., PILO, B. & R.V. SHAH (1977): Histo-morphology of the femoral glands in the agamid lizard, Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – Journal Anim. Morph. Physiol., 24 (1): 51-55.

AZEEM, M.A., NAJAMUDDIN, F., SIDDIQUI, U., FEHMEENA, S., ARIFA, S. & K. SHAIKH (1996): Effect of immobilization induced stretch on water contents of various skeletal muscles of Uromastyx hardwickii. – Karachi University Journal of Science, 24 (1): 90-95.

BHARGAVA, R.N. (1968): Further observations on the burrowing habit of Spiny-tailed lizard Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Labdev, 6B: 120.

BHATNAGAR, R.K. & R.K. BHANOTAR (1977): Behaviour, coloration, lepidosis and pre-anofemoral pores in juveniles of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. –Journal Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., 74 (2): 364-365.

BHATT, S.D. & J.S. BISHT (1975): Observations on the effect of the new, highly effective antidiabetic sulfanomide, HB 419 (Gilbenclamide), on blood glucose and pancreatic islets in the Indian sandlizard, Uromastix hardwickii (Gray and Hard). – Zoologischer Anz., 195 (1-2): 115-123.

CHAMPAKA, S. (1957): Water conservation in Uromastix hardwickii (Gray) with a note on the presence of Mullerian ducts in the male. – J. zool. Soc. India, 9: 103-113.

DAS, S.M. (1963): Ductus Botalli in the lizard Uromastix hardwickii Gray and other Lacertilia. – Copeia, 19634: 154-155.

DUBEWAR, D.M. & S.A. SURYAWANSHI (1975): Parathyroid regulation of plasma calcium and phosphorus in the lizard, Uromastix hardwicki. – Annotationes Zool. Jap., 48 (3): 161-166.

GARG, R.K. (1971): On a hitherto unknown larval nematode from the spiny-tailed lizard (Uromastix hardwickii, Gray). – Indian J. Helminth., 23: 43-47.

GEORGE, J.C. (1956): The post-cranial osteology of Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – J. Anim. Morph. Physiol., 3: 25-35.

GEORGE, S.C. & R.V. SHAH (1955): On the cranial osteology of Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – J. Anim. Morph. Physiol., 1 (2): 23-29.

GHAURI, M.G., JAHANGEER, S. & K.P. LONE (1977): Seasonal variations in the liver glycogen levels of the spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastyx hardwickii Gray (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Agaminae). – Journal Herpet., 11 (1): 111-113.


GRAY, J.E. (1827): Description of Saara hardwickii. – In: Hardwicke, Thomas & J.E. Gray:  A synopsis of the species of saurian reptiles, collected in India by Major-General Hardwicke. - Zoological Journal, London 3: 213-229.

GURAYA, S.S. (1960): Histochemical studies of lipids in oocytes. V. Lipids in the oogenesis of Calotes versicolor and Uromastix hardwickii. – Res. Bull. Panjab Univ. Science N.S., 10: 233-245.

ISLAM, A. (1955): The skull of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Biologia, Lahore, 1 (2): 141-196.

ISLAM, A. (1956): The postcranial skeleton of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Biologia, Lahore, 2 (2): 231-246.

ISLAM, A. (1957): On the respiratory system of the mastigure, Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Biologia, Lahore, 3 (2): 195-204.

JAHANGEER, S., LONE, K.P. & A. ARSLAN (1973): Studies on plasma glucose levels of the spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwicki Gray. – Biologia, Lahore, 19 (1-2): 85-92.

JAVED, M.-U., QURESHI, M.A. & M.A. WAQAR (1994): The isoenzyme forms of lactate dehydrogenase from the testes of Uromastix hardwickii. – Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International, 34 (5): 963-970.

JAVED, M.-U., YOUSUF, F.A., HUSSAIN, A.N., ISHAQ, M. & M.A. WAQAR (1995): Purification and properties of lactate dehydrogenase from liver of Uromastix hardwickii. – Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 111B (1): 27-34.

KANWAR, K.C. (1959): Studies on the cytoplasmic inclusions in the exocrine cells of the pancreas of Uromastix hardwickii. – Proc. Indian Sci. Congr., 46 (3): 366-367.

KANWAR, K.C. (1959): Studies on the cytoplasmic inclusions in the exocrine cells of the pancreas of Uromastix hardwickii. – Res. Bull. Panjab Univ. N.S. Sci., 10 (2): 107-111.

KAURA, U.K., SHASRMA, V.K. & I.P. SINGH (1970): Hardwicke´s dabb-lizard (Uromastix hardwicki) as a reservoir of Salmonella in nature. – Res. vet. Sci., 11: 390-392.

KHAN, S.A. & M.I. QURESHI (1959): Chemical investigations on the fat of Uromastix hardwickii. – Pakist. J. sci. Res., 11: 54-58.

KHANNA, S.S. & S. KUMAR (1975): Blood glucose in the common Indian sand lizard Uromastix hardwicki. – Copeia, 1975 (4): 767-771.

KHAN, S.A., ZAIDI, A.A., QAZI, M.H. & M. ARSLAN (1977): Effect of ACTH on reproductive organs and oestrogen levels of Uromastyx hardwickii Gray. – Biologia,Lahore, 23 (1): 1-5.

KHANNA, S.S. & S. KUMAR (1974): Cellular composition of the islets of Langerhans in the Indian sand-lizard Uromastix hardwickii. – Acta anat., 88 (1): 67-75.

KRISHNA, D. & K.C. DAVE (1957): Observations on the food and feeding habits of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. - Proc. Indian Sci. Congr. Ass., 43 (4): 35.

KUMAR, S. & S.S: KHANNA (1977): Response of the blood glucose and the pancreatic islets of the lizard, Uromastix hardwickii (Gray) to exogenous insulin. – Zeitschrift mikrosk.-anat. Forsch., 91 (1): 131-143.

KUMAR SHARMA, I. (1977): The dabb lizard, Uromastyx hardwickii. – Lacerta, 35 (4): 53-57. (In Niederländisch)

KÜPPERS-HECKHAUSEN, C. (1993): Zur Lebensweise des Indischen Dornschwanzes. – Die Aquar. Terrar. Z., Stuttgart, 46 (9): 572-575.

KÜPPERS-HECKHAUSEN, C. & T. ACKERMANN (1995): Über Haltung und Nachzucht des Indischen Dornschwanzes (Uromastyx hardwickii) im Terrarium. – Salamandra, Rheinbach, 31 (2): 65-78.

MAJUPURIA, T. (1957): On the myology, blood vascular and nervous supply of cloaca and hemipenes in Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Proc. Indian Sci. Congr., 44: 326-327.

MAJUPURIA, T. (1959): On the burrowing habits of the common Indian Mastigure, Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Proc. Indian Sci. Congr., 46 (3): 409-410.

MAJUPURIA, T. (1970): The muscles, blood vessels and nerves of the cloaca and copulatory organs of Uromastix hardwickii, Gray; together with the mode of everson of the hemipenis, the copulation and the sexual dimorphism. – Zool. Anz., 184: 48-60.

MATHUR, R.S. & O.P. CHHABRA (1977): Male reproductive cycles of Hemidactylus flaviviridis (Ruppell) and Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – Current Sci., 46 (3): 81-82.

MOAZEN, M. (2008): Investigating the biomechanics of a lizard skull using advanced computer modelling techniques with experimantal validation. Thesis. University of Hull. 185 pp.

MURTHY, T.S.N. & R.A.A. AROCKIASAMY (1977): Observations on the spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwickii Gray, in captivity. – Geobios, Jodhpur, 4 (4): 167-168.

PARSHAD, B. (1913): Note on the Spiny tailed Lizard (Uromastyx hardwickii). - J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., 23: 370.

PRAKASH, R. (1953): The heart of the Indian spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – Proc. Rajasthan Acad. Sci., 4: 1-12.

PRAKASH, R. & S.C. MOWAR (1959): On the presence of impulse initiating and conducting structures in the heart of Indian spiny tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – Proc. Indian Sci. Congr.,46 (3): 413.

PURVES, E.H. (1915): The Thorny-Tailed Lizard. - J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. (1914) 23 (4): 780-784.

RAMASWAMI, L.S. & D. JACOB (1963): Effect of testosterone on the male genital tract of the adult spiny tailed lizard Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Naturwissenschaften, 50 (12): 453-454.

RAMESH, M. (2009): Status survey of the Indian Spiny-tailed lizard Uromastyx hardwickii in the arid reegions of Rajasthan, North-Western India. - Abstracts of presentations hold on DeAGAMIS the 1st International Symposium on Agamid Lizards. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge, Bonn, 56 (4): 300-301.

RAMESH, M. & N.M. ISHWAR (2008): Status and distribution of the Indian spiny-tailed lizard Uromastyx hardwickii in the Thar Desert, western Rajasthan. – Technical Report T 01. Group for Nature Preservation and Education. 50 pp.

RAO, C.A. & G.F.X. DAVID (1967): The effects of certain steroids on the serum protein concentrations of the lizard Uromastyx hardwickii Gray. – Gen. Comp. Endocr., 9: 227-233.

RAZA, S.M. (1957): The brain of Uromastix hardwickii Gray, Part I. External morphology. – Biologia, Lahore, 3 (1): 19-28.

SESHADRI, C. (1957): Water conservation in Uromastix hardwickii (Gray), with a note on the presence of Mullerian ducts in the male. – J. Zool. Soc. India, 9: 103-113.

SESHADRI, C. (1958): Dehydration of urine for conservation of water in the Indian spiny tailed lizard Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – Proc. Indian Sci. Congr., 45 (3): 377-378.

SETHI, J.S. & H.B. TEWARI (1975): Histenzymological mapping of acetylcholinesterase in the tegmental and pretectal nuclei of midbrain of Uromastix hardwickii. – Proceedings Indian Sci. Congr., 62 (3), (B): 197.

SHAAD, F.U., & M.A. QAYYUM (1975): Anatomical and neurohistological observations on the heart of the spiny lizard, Uromastix hardwickii. – Acta anat., 93 (3): 399-410.

SHAAD, F.U., QAYYUM, M.A. & P.S.P.V. VIDYASAGAR (1977): Histo-chemical observations of the heart of Indian spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwickii. – Indian J. Zool., 5 (2): 41-46.

SHAKOORI, A.R. & K.P. LONE (1977): Effect of thioacetamide on the nucleic acids, protein and free amino acids content of liver and kidney of Uromastyx hardwickii Gray. – Biologia, Lahore, 23 (1): 65-75.

SHARMA, I.K. (1992): Ecology, biology of the spiny-tailed lizard (Uromastix hardwickii). – Cobra, Madras, 10: 8-9.

SHARMA, S.P. (1961): Morphological and cytochemical studies on the spinal neurones of Uromastix hardwickii. – Res. Bull. Panjab Univ. N.S., 12 (1-2): 109-118.

SHARMA, V.K., KAURA, Y.K. & I.P. SINGH (1973): Further observations on Salmonella reservoir status of Hardwicke´s dabb lizard. – Indian J. med. Res., 61 (2): 184-189.

SINHA, A.K. & B.J. CHOUBEY (1977): Seasonal changes in blood composition of male Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – Journal biol. Sci., 20 (1): 7-12.

SUD, B.N. (1957): Studies in reptilian spermatogenesis III. Spermatogenesis of the Spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastix hardwickii Gray, with observations on the living material under phase-contrast microscope. – Res. Bull. Panjab Univ., 116: 345-361.

SUD, B.N. (1958): Acrosome-formation in Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – Proc. Indian Sci. Congr., 45 (3): 381-382.

SUD, B.N. & J.K. KEITH (1957): Scalation of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. –Proc. Indian sci. Congr., 44: 328.

SUD, B.N. & K.L. KHERA (1957): The respiratory system of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. –Proc. Indian sci. Congr., 44: 327.

SUD, B.N. & K.L. KHERA (1966): The post-cranial osteology of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. - Res. Bull. Panjab Univ. Sci. N.S., 16: 225-246.

SUD, B.N. & K.L. KHERA (1968): Respiratory system of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. - Res. Bull. Panjab Univ. Sci. N.S., 18: 279-284.

SUD, B.N. & K.L. KHERA (1968): Osteology of cranium, hyoid apparatus and jaws of Uromastyx hardwickii. - Res. Bull. Panjab Univ. Sci. N.S., 18: 285-296.

SUNDERRAJ, S.F.W. & M.A. LATCHOUMANAN (2010): Mortality of Spiny-lailed Lizard Uromastyx hardwickii Hardwicke & Gray, 1827 in the Kachchh district of Gujarat. - Reptile Rap, 9: 10.

SURYAWANSHI, S.A. & P.V. RANGNEKER (1971): Effects of administration of glucagons and insulin in the lizard Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – J. anim. Morph. Physiol., 18: 134-144.

SURYAWANSHI, S.A. & P.V. RANGNEKER (1974): Effects of pancreatectomy on the corticoid and ascorbic acid concentrations in the interregnal tiussue of the lizad, Uromastix hardwickii (Gray). – Journal biol. Sci., 16-17 (1-2): 16-21.

TEWARI, H.B. & J.S. SETHI (1975): Histochemical mapping of acretylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase in the diencephalic centers of Uromastix hardwickii. – Proceedings Indian Sci. Congr., 62 (3), (B): 197.

TEWARI, H.B. & J.S. SETHI (1975): Histochemical mapping of ATPASE and simple esterase in the cerebral hemispheres of the Indian lizard, Uromastix hardwickii. – Journal Anat., 119 (3): 547-556.

TILAK, R. (1964): The hyoid apparatus of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Sci. & Cult., 30: 244-246.

TILAK, R. (1964): The osteology of Uromastix hardwickii Gray. – Zool. Anz., 173: 403-426.

TOFOHR, O. (1899): Der indische Dornschwanz im geheizten Terrarium. - Blätter für Aquarien und Terrarien-Kunde, 10 (2) : 32-36.

VYAS, R. (1990): Notes on capture of the Spiny-tailed lizard (Uromastyx hardwickii) in Gujarat. – Hamadryad, 15: 28.

ZAIN-UL-ABEDIN, M. & B. KATORSKI (1967): Gluconeogenesis in the kidney and liver slices of a lizard Uromastyx hardwickii. – Biochem. J., 102: 189-193.


Saara loricata BLANFORD, 1874


BLANFORD, W.T. (1874): Description of two Uromasticine lizards from Mesopotamia and Southern Persia. – Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1874: 656-661.

HAMERS, K. (2019): Haltung und Nachzucht von Saara loricata, der Irakischen Dornschwanzagame. – Reptilia, 24 (5): 22-33.

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