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Literatur und Schriften

Moloch GRAY, 1841


Moloch horridus GRAY, 1841

Dornteufel / Moloch / Thorny Devil / Mountain Devil

BENTLEY, P.J. & W.F.C. BLUMER (1962): Uptake of water by the lizard, Moloch horridus. – Nature, London, 194: 699-700.

BOYLAN, T. (1970): Thorny devil. – Anim. Kingd., 73 (1): 24-27.

BURSEY, C.R., GOLDBERG, S.R. & D.N. WOOLERY (1996): Oochoristica piankai sp. n. (Cestoda: Linstowiidae) and other helminths of Moloch horridus (Sauria: Agamidae) from Australia. – Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 63 (2): 215-221.

COMANNS, P, ESSER, F.J., KAPPEL, P.H., BAUMGARTNER, W., SHAW, J. & P.C. WITHERS (2017): Adsorption and movement of water by skin of the Australian thorny devil (Agamidae: Moloch horridus).- R. Soc. open sci. 4: 170591.

DAVEY, H.W. (1923): The moloch lizard, Moloch horridus Gray. – Victorian Naturalist, 40: 58-60.

DAVIS, R.A. & J. WILCOX (2008): Range extension of the Western Heath Dragon Rankinia adelaidensis and Gray’s legless lizard Delma grayi with notes on the distribution of southern Swan coastal-plain reptiles. – Western Australian Naturalist, 26 (1): 67-70.

GANS, C., MERLIN, R. & W.F.C. BLUMER (1982): The water-collecting mechanism of Moloch horridus re-examined. – Amphibia-Reptilia, 3: 57-64.

HUTCHINSON, M.N. & R.G. HUTCHINSON (2011): Karyotypes of Moloch and Chelosania (Squamata: Acrodonta). - Journal of Herpetology, 45 (2): 216-218.

KUNZ, K. (2012): Dornteufel. – TERRARIA/elaphe, 2012 (1): 13.

LADYMAN, M.T. & S.A. THOMPSON (2003): Clutch hydration following oviposition by urination may reduce desiccation in thorny devil (Moloch horridus) eggs. – J. Roy. Soc. West. Aust., 86 (2): 83-84.

NIEJALKE, D.P. & M.P. BONNETT (1994): Behavioural note on the thorny devil (Moloch horridus Gray, 1841). – Herpetofauna, Sydney, 24 (2): 42-43.

PETERS, U. (1968): Moloch horridus, Varanus spenceri, V. mitchelli, Egernia bungana und Heteronotia binoei im Taronga-Zoo, Sydney. – Die Aquar. Terrar. Z., Stuttgart, 21: 252-254.

PETERS, U.W. (1990): Ein buntes Wunder der Natur Australiens. Der Dornteufel. - Aquarien Terrarien, Leipzig, 37 (9):315. (1418)

PIANKA, E.R. & H.D. PIANKA (1970): The ecology of Moloch horridus (Lacertilia: Agamidae) in western Australia. – Copeia, 1970: 90-103.

PIANKA, G., PIANKA, E.R. & G.G. THOMPSON (1996): Egg laying by thorny devils (Moloch horridus) under natural conditions in the Great Victoria Desert. – Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 79 (3): 195-198.

PIANKA, G., PIANKA, E.R. & G.G. THOMPSON (1998): Natural history of thorny devils Moloch horridus (Lacertilia: Agamidae) in the Great Victoria Desert. – Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 81: 183-190.

Daily movements and activity of three male and five female thorny deviols (Moloch horridus) were monitored using biotelemetry in the Great Victoria Desert during September, October and November 1995. Both males and females moved up to 200-300 m daily, with males averaging linear daily distances twice as great as those of females (66.6 m vs 31.7 m, respectively). Considerable individual variation in movements is evident among thorny devils. Activity does not appear to be confined to a specific area during the mating season (early spring, August-September). Lizards were considerably more active during early spring (September-early October) than in late spring-early summer (late October-early November). The seasonal activity pattern is reflected in burrow usage which increased significantly during late spring. Males and females were active with similar frequencies. Evidence for M. horridus navigating by methods other than sight or smell of another conspecific lizard is presented. Colour correlates positively with activity level (rs = 0.45; P < 0.0001), with lighter skin colour associated with higher activity levels. Activity level is correlated with both air temperature (r = 0.263; P < 0.0016) but not with air temperature. Lizards observed feeding in the morning (before 11 am) were dark in colour and lizards feeding in the afternoon (3 to 6 pm) were light in colour. Foraging behaviour was never observed during about (1q1 am to 3 pm). Thorny devils undergo rapid weight changes that are not related to oviposition. Fat bodies of females are largest during winter, whereas those of males are largest in summer.

SHERBROOKE, W.C. (1993): Rain-drinking behaviours of the Australian Thorny Devil (Sauria: Agamidae). – Journal of Herpetology, 27 (3): 27u0-275.

SPORN, C.C. (1955): The breeding of the Mountain Devil in captivity. – W. Aust. Nat., 5 (1): 1-5.

SWITAK, K.-H. (2017): Im Angesicht des Teufels. – Reptilia, Münster, 22 (6): 38-40.

THOMPSON, S.A. (2003): Reproductive observations of a Thorny Devil (Moloch horridus), in a natural semi-arid environment. - Western Australian Naturalist, 24 (1): 73-78.

WARHAM, J. (1956): Australian Mountain Devil. – Fishk. Water Life, 13: 491-492.

WARHAM, J. (1956): Mountain Devil. – Zoo Life, 11: 16-18.

WHITE, S.R. (1947): Observations on the mountain devil (Moloch horridus). – Western Australian Naturalist, 1: 78-81.

WITHERS, P. (1993): Cutaneous water acquisition by the Thorny Devil (Moloch horridus, Agamidae). – Journal of Herpetology,27 (3): 265-270.

WITHERS, P.C. & S.D. BRADSHAW (1995): Water and energy balance of the thorny devil Moloch horridus: is the devil a sloth. – Amphibia-Reptilia, 16 (1): 47-54.

WITHERS, P.C. & S.D. BRADSHAW (1995): Water and energy balance of the thorny devil Moloch horridus: is the devil a sloth. – Amphibia-Reptilia, 16 (1): 47-54.

ZWINENBERG, A.J. (0000): Australische reptielen IV moloch of bergduivel (Moloch horridus). – Lacerta. pp. 39-40.

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