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Literatur und Schriften


Diploderma



Diploderma batangensis (LI, DENG, WU & WANG, 2001)


LI, C., DENG, Q., WU, Y. & Y. WANG (2001): A new species of Japalura from Sichuan (Agamidae Gray. Japa Liura) (sic). – Journal of Sichuan Teachers College (Natural Science), 22 (4): 329-331. (in chinesisch)

WU, GAO & QIN (2005): A re-description of Japalura batangensis. - Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 24 (3).


Diploderma brevicauda (MANTHEY, DENZER, HOU & WANG, 2012)


MANTHEY, U., DENZER, W., HOU, M. & WANG, X. (2012): Discovered in historical collections: Two new Japalura species (Squamata: Sauria: Agamidae) from Yulong Snow Mountains, Lijiang Prefecture, Yunnan, PR China. – Zootaxa 3200: 27–48.
Several specimens from historical collections made in Yunnan (PR China) were found to be inconsistent with hitherto known species of Japalura. Two species are described as new: Japalura brevicauda spec. nov. and Japalura yulongensis spec. nov. Diagnostic features for the new species are compiled and a key to closely related species is produced. The geo-graphical distribution of these species is outlined and discussed.


Diploderma brevipes (GRESSITT,1936)

Short-legged Japalure

GRESSIT, J.L. (1936): New reptiles from Formosa and Hainan. – Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 49: 117-121.

HUANG, W.-S. (1997): Reproductive cycle of the oviparous lizard Japalura breviceps (Agamidae: Reptilia) in Taiwan, Republic of China. – Journal of Herpetology, 31 (1): 22-29.


Diploderma chapaense (BOURRET, 1937)


Japalure

BOURRET, R. (1937): Notes herpétologiques sur l’indochine française. XV. Lézards et serpents reçu au laboratoire des Sciences Naturelles de l’Université au cours de l’année 1937. Descriptions de deux espèces et de deux variétés nouvelles. - Bulletin Générale de l’Instruction Publique 5. Gouvernement Généneral de l’Indochine: 57-82.

OTA, H. (1989): The status of an agamid lizard, Japalura swinhonis chapaensis BOURRET 1937, from Vietnam. - Journal of Herpetology, 23 (4): 447-450.

OTA, H. & T. WEIDENHÖFER (1992): The first male specimen of the poorly known agamid lizard Japalura chapaensis Bourret, 1937 (Reptilia: Sauria), from Northern Vietnam, with notes on its taxonomic status. – The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 40 (2): 193-199.

WANG, K., JIANG, K., WANG, Y.-F., POYARKOV, A.N., CHE, J. & C.D. SILER (2018): Discovery of Japalura chapaensis Bourret, 1937 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) from Southeast Yunnan Province, China. – Zool. Res., 39 (2): 105-113.

Japalure

GAO, Z.-F. & M. HUO (2002): Description of a new Japalura species from western Sichuan Province, China. – Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 21 (1): 3-5. (in chinesisch)


Diploderma drukdaypo (WANG, K., JIANG, K., REN, J., ZOU, D., WU, J., CHE, J. & C.D. SILER, 2019)


Dwarf Mountain Dragon

WANG, K., JIANG, K., REN, J., ZOU, D., WU, J., CHE, J. & C.D. SILER (2019): A new species of Dwarf Japalura sensu lato (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) from the upper Mekong River in Eastern Tibet, China, with notes on morphological variation, distribution, and conservation of two congeners along the same river. – Zootaxa, 4544 (4): 505-522.

Despite being recognized as ecologically and biogeographically important, the biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountain Region, particularly along the upper Mekong River, remains poorly understood. Here we describe a new species of Mountain Dragon of the genus Japalura sensu lato Gray, 1853 from the headwater region of the Mekong River in Chamdo, Tibet Autonomous Region, China. The species is recognized as a member of the Japalura flaviceps Barbour & Dunn 1919 complex, and it can be distinguished readily from all congeners by a suite of morphological characteristics, including its dwarf appearance (small body size and disproportionally short tails and short hind limbs), smooth or weakly keeled ventral scales, feebly developed vertebral crests in males, and by the absence of distinct gular spots in males and females. In addition to the description of the new species, we also report morphological variations and range extensions of two recently described congeners along the same river, namely J. iadina and J. vela. We discuss the distribution patterns of the genus in the Hengduan Mountain Region and the urgent conservation priorities for protecting Japalura species along the Mekong River. According to our best available data, we provided IUCN assessments of the three species and propos to list them as nationally protected under the Chinese Wildlife Protection Act.


Diploderma dymondi (BOULENGER, 1906)

Dymond´s Japalure

BOULENGER, G.A. (1906): Descriptions of new reptiles from Yunnan. - Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 17 (102): 567-568.

DENG, Q. (1988): Notes on Japalura dymondi. - Acta Herp. Sinica, 1988: 149-150.


Diploderma fasciata MERTENS, 1926

Banded Japalure

GAO, Z. (1985): Japalura szechwanensis discovered in An County, Sichuan. - Sichuan J. Zool., 4 (2): 28.

KÜHNEL, K.-D., KABISCH, K. & H.-J. HERRMANN (1995): Freilandbeobachtung von drei Arten der Gattung Japalura (Reptilia: Agamidae) in Sichuan und Yunnan (China). - Sauria, Berlin, 17 (4): 31-37. (1228)

MANTHEY, U. & F. XIE (2013): Japalura fasciata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T170403A6777332. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-RLTS.T170403A6777332.en

MERTENS, R. (1926): Herpetologische Mitteilung X – Eine neue Japalura Art. – Senckenbergiana, 8: 146-149.

OTA, H. (2000): Japalura szechwanensis, a junior synonym of J. fasciata. – Journal of Herpetology, 34 (4): 611-614.


Diploderma flaviceps (BARBOUR & DUNN, 1919)

Szechwan Japalure

BARBOUR, T. & E.R. DUNN (1919): Two new Chinese Japaluras. – Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club, 7: 15-19.

KÜHNEL, K.-D., KABISCH, K. & H.-J. HERRMANN (1995): Freilandbeobachtung von drei Arten der Gattung Japalura (Reptilia: Agamidae) in Sichuan und Yunnan (China). - Sauria, Berlin, 17 (4): 31-37. (1228)


Diploderma grahami (STEJNEGER, 1924)

Graham´s Japalure


Diploderma iadinum (WANG, JIANG SILER & CHE, 2016)

Emerald Mountain Dragon

WANG, K., JIANG, K., ZOU, D.H., YAN, F., SILER, C.D. & J. CHE (2016): Two new species of Japalura (Squamata: Agamidae) from the Hengduan Mountain Range, China. – Zoological Research, 37 (1): 41-56.

Until recently, the agamid species, Japalura flaviceps, was recognized to have the widest geographic distribution among members of the genus occurring in China, from eastern Tibet to Shaanxi Province. However, recent studies restricted the distribution of J. flaviceps to the Dadu River valley only in northwestern Sichuan Province, suggesting that records of J. flaviceps outside the Dadu River valley likely represent undescribed diversity. During two herpetofaunal surveys in 2013 and 2015, eight and 12 specimens of lizards of the genus Japalura were collected from the upper Nujiang (=Salween) Valley in eastern Tibet, China, and upper Lancang (=Mekong) Valley in northwestern Yunnan, China, respectively. These specimens display a unique suite of diagnostic morphological characters. Our robust comparisons of phenotype reveal that these populations can be distinguished readily from J. flaviceps and all other recognized congeners. Herein, we describe the two Japalura lineages as new species, Japalura laeviventris sp. nov. and Japalura iadina sp. nov.. In addition, we provide updated conservation assessments for the new species as well as imperiled congeners according to the IUCN criteria for classification, discuss the importance of color patterns in the diagnosis and description of species in the genus Japalura, and discuss directions for future taxonomic studies of the group.


Diploderma laeviventre (WANG, JIANG SILER & CHE, 2016)

Smooth-venter Mountain Dragon

WANG, K., JIANG, K., ZOU, D.H., YAN, F., SILER, C.D. & J. CHE (2016): Two new species of Japalura (Squamata: Agamidae) from the Hengduan Mountain Range, China. – Zoological Research, 37 (1): 41-56.

Until recently, the agamid species, Japalura flaviceps, was recognized to have the widest geographic distribution among members of the genus occurring in China, from eastern Tibet to Shaanxi Province. However, recent studies restricted the distribution of J. flaviceps to the Dadu River valley only in northwestern Sichuan Province, suggesting that records of J. flaviceps outside the Dadu River valley likely represent undescribed diversity. During two herpetofaunal surveys in 2013 and 2015, eight and 12 specimens of lizards of the genus Japalura were collected from the upper Nujiang (=Salween) Valley in eastern Tibet, China, and upper Lancang (=Mekong) Valley in northwestern Yunnan, China, respectively. These specimens display a unique suite of diagnostic morphological characters. Our robust comparisons of phenotype reveal that these populations can be distinguished readily from J. flaviceps and all other recognized congeners. Herein, we describe the two Japalura lineages as new species, Japalura laeviventris sp. nov. and Japalura iadina sp. nov.. In addition, we provide updated conservation assessments for the new species as well as imperiled congeners according to the IUCN criteria for classification, discuss the importance of color patterns in the diagnosis and description of species in the genus Japalura, and discuss directions for future taxonomic studies of the group.


Diploderma luei (OTA, CHEN & SHANG,1998)

Japalure

OTA, H., CHEN, S.-L. & G. SHANG (1998): Japalura luei: A new agamid lizard from Taiwan (Reptilia: Squamata). – Copeia, 1998 (3): 649-656.


Diploderma makii (OTA, 1989)

Ota´s Japalure

OTA, H. (1989): A new species of Japalura (Agamidae: Lacertilia: Reptilia) from Tainwan. – Copeia, 1989 (3): 569-576.


Diploderma micangshanensis (SONG, 1987)

Japalure

GAO, Z. (2001): Japalura micangshanensis-a new record of reptile in Sichuan. - Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 21 (1).

GAO, Z.-F. & A.-M. QIN (2000): Japalura micanshanensis. – A new reptile record in Sichuan. – Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 19 (5): 27. (in chinesisch)

LI, S., LI, C. & Y. WANG (2000): Japalura micangshanensis - A new agamid record in Gansu Province. - Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 19 (3): 156.


Diploderma ngoclinensis (ANANJEVA, ORLOV & NGUYEN 2017)


ANANJEVA, N.B., ORLOV, N.L. & T.T. NGUYEN (2017): A new species of Japalura (Agamidae: Lacertilia: Reptilia) from Central Highland, Vietnam. – Asian Herp. Res., 8 (1): 14-21.

New species of the agamid genus Japalura is described based on three specimens from southern part of Central Vietnam. It is distinguished from remaining congeners by the following combination of characters: adult size (SVL females 68–69 mm), tail length/SVL ratio 226%–239%, HW/SVL ratio 17%–18%; FLL/SVL ratio 41%–43%; HLL/SVL ratio 72%–73%; 7–9 supralabials, 7–9 infralabials, 54–56 middorsal scales, 20–22 lamellae under finger IV, 24–26 lamellae under toe IV, 1 scale between nasal and supralabials; tympanum concealed; absence of transverse gular fold. The geographical distribution of Japalura genus in general and of a new species in particular is discussed.

KUNTE, K. & U. MANTHEY (2009): Wiederentdeckung von Japalura sagittifera (Sauria; Agamidae) in Arunachal Pradesh, Ost-Himalaya: Ein Erstnachweis für die indische Herpetofauna. – Sauria, Berlin, 31 (2): 49-55.
Zusammenfassung:
Japalura sagittifera SMITH, 1940 wurde vom nördlichen Myanmar beschrieben. Seitdem ist kein neuer Fund bekannt geworden. Die kürzliche Wiederentdeckung im nordöstlichen Indien (Mehao Wildlife Schutzgebiet, Arunachal Pradesh) bedeutet eine erhebliche Erweiterung des Verbreitungsgebietes sowie einen Erstznachweis dieser Art für Insien. Erstmals wird die Lebendföärbung adulter Männchen dokumentiert sowie Angaben zum Biotop und zum Verhalten gemacht. Ergänzende Angaben erfolgen über die Verbreitung der Gattung sowie deren indische Vertreter. Zusätzliche Informationen aller indischen Japalura-Arten wurden tabellarisch zusammengefasst
.

MAHONY, S. (2009): A new species of Japalura (Reptilia: Agamidae) from northeast India with a discussion of the similar species Japalura sagittifera Smith, 1940 and Japalura planidorsata Jerdon, 1870. – Zootaxa, 22212: 41-61.


Diploderma polygonatum HALLOWELL, 1861

Ryukyu Japalure

HALLOWELL, E. (1861): Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N.  - Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12 [1860]: 480-510.

KÄSTLE, W., SCHLEICH, H.H. & K.B. SHAH (1993): Contributions to the biology of Japalura tricarinata and J. polygonata (Sauria: Agamidae). – J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 90 (2): 223-262.

TANAKA, S. & M. NISHIHIRA (1981): Notes on an Agamid lizard, Japalura polygonata. - Biological Magazine Okinawa. 19: 33-39.


Diploderma polygonatum polygonatum HALLOWELL, 1861

Ryukyu Japalure

FUNAKOSHI, K., OTSUBO, S., MINATO, M. & N. KOBAYASHI (2018): Ecology and present status of the agamid lizard, Japalura polygonata polygonata, in Ibusuki City, Kagoshma Prefecture, Japan. - Nature of Kagoshima 44: 85–94. (in Japanisch)

JONO, T., KAWAMURA, T. & R. KODA (2013): Invasion of Yakushima Island, Japan, by the Subtropical Lizard Japalura polygonata polygonata (Squamata: Agamidae). - Current Herpetology, 32 (2): 142-149.

NORVAL, G., HUANG, S.C., MAO, J.J. & S.RE. GOLDBERG (2012): Notes on some dietary items of Eutropis longicaudata (Hallowell, 1857), Japalura polygonata xanthostoma Ota, 1991, Plestiodon elegans (Boulenger, 1887), and Sphenomorphus indicus (Gray, 1853) from Taiwan. – Herpetology Notes, 5: 453-456.

OTA, H., NASU, T., SUEYOSHI, T., HOSHINO, I., MORITA, T. & T. IWAMOTO (2012): Current status of an exotic population of the agamid lizard Japalura polygonata polygonata (Hallowell, 1861) in Kagoshima Prefecture of southern Kyushu, Japan. - Nature of Kagoshima 38: 1–8.

YAMADASHIMA, T. (2014): The report of Japalura polygonata polygonata in Yakushima Island. - Kagoshima Prefectural Museum Research Rapport, 33: 59-60. (in Japanisch)


Diploderma polygonatum donan (OTA, 2003)

Ryukyu Japalure

OTA, H. (2003): A new subspecies of the Agamid Lizard, Japalura polygonata (Hallowell, 1861) (Reptilia: Squamata), from Yonagunijima Island of ther Yaeyama Group, Ryukyu Archipelago. – Current Herpetology, 22 (2): 61-71.

Diploderma polyganotum ishigakiensis (VAN DENBURGH,1912)

Ryukyu Japalure

DENBURGH, J. van (1912): Description of  Japalura polygonata ishigakiensis  and J. p. miyakensis in “Concerning certain species of reptiles and amphibians from China, Japan, the Loo Choo Islands, and Formosa”. - Proc. Cal. Ac. Sci. (Series 4) 3 (10): 187-258.


Diploderma polygonatum miyakensis (VAN DENBURGH, 1912)

Ryukyu Japalure

DENBURGH, J. van (1912): Description of  Japalura polygonata ishigakiensis  and J. p. miyakensis in “Concerning certain species of reptiles and amphibians from China, Japan, the Loo Choo Islands, and Formosa”. - Proc. Cal. Ac. Sci. (Series 4) 3 (10): 187-258.


Diploderma polygonatum xanthostoma (OTA, 1991)

Ryukyu Japalure

KUO, C.Y., LIN, Y.-S. & Y. K. LIN (2007): Resource Use and Morphology of Two Sympatric Japalura Lizards (Iguania: Agamidae). - Journal of Herpetology, 41(4): 713-723.

We investigated the underlying mechanism of coexistence of two sympatric Japalura lizards (Japalura swinhonis and Japalura polygonata xanthostoma). We examined the differences in resource use along three resource dimensions: time, space, and diet. Specifically we tested two ecomorphological hypotheses. Correspondence exists between: perch habitat and limb morphology, and diet and head morphology. The species with shorter forelimbs would perch on narrower surface. The species with larger heads would consume larger or tougher prey. The results showed that the two species did not divide resources by temporal partitioning. Spatially, the two species used similar macrohabitats. However, female J. swinhonis, perching lower and on narrower surfaces, differed from other groups in perch habitats. However, male J. swinhonis and J. p. xanthostoma, despite size and shape differences, were similar in perch habitat. In addition, high diet overlap was detected both intra- and interspecifically despite the presence of significant differences in head sizes. In conclusion, male J. swinhonis and J. p. xanthostoma used largely overlapping resources and therefore, might be potential competitors if resources are limited. We suggest that there was a trade-off between fighting ability and maneuverability because of morphological differences that allowed the coexistence of the two species. Although male J. swinhonis, being larger, may have better fighting ability, J. p. xanthostoma could maneuver around tree trunks and branches to search for prey and avoid fighting more easily.

OTA, H. (1991): Taxonomic redefinition of Japalura swinhonis Günther (Agamidae: Squamata), with a description of a new subspecies of J. polygonota from Taiwan. – Herpetologica, 47 (3): 280-294.
Burmese Japalure

KUNTE, K. & U. MANTHEY (2009): Wiederentdeckung von Japalura sagittifera (Sauria; Agamidae) in Arunachal Pradesh, Ost-Himalaya: Ein Erstnachweis für die indische Herpetofauna. – Sauria, Berlin, 31 (2): 49-55.
Zusammenfassung:
Japalura sagittifera SMITH, 1940 wurde vom nördlichen Myanmar beschrieben. Seitdem ist kein neuer Fund bekannt geworden. Die kürzliche Wiederentdeckung im nordöstlichen Indien (Mehao Wildlife Schutzgebiet, Arunachal Pradesh) bedeutet eine erhebliche Erweiterung des Verbreitungsgebietes sowie einen Erstznachweis dieser Art für Insien. Erstmals wird die Lebendföärbung adulter Männchen dokumentiert sowie Angaben zum Biotop und zum Verhalten gemacht. Ergänzende Angaben erfolgen über die Verbreitung der Gattung sowie deren indische Vertreter. Zusätzliche Informationen aller indischen Japalura-Arten wurden tabellarisch zusammengefasst
.

MAHONY, S. (2009): A new species of Japalura (Reptilia: Agamidae) from northeast India with a discussion of the similar species Japalura sagittifera Smith, 1940 and Japalura planidorsata Jerdon, 1870. – Zootaxa, 22212: 41-61.


Diploderma slowinskii (RAO, VINDUM, MA, FU & WILKINSON, 2017)


RAO, D., VINDUM, J.V., MA, X., FU, M. & J.A. WILKINSON (2017): A New Species of Japalura (Squamata, Agamidae) from the Nu River Valley in Southern Hengduan Mountains, Yunnan, China. – As. Herp. Res., 8 (2): 86-95.

A population of Japalura from Yunnan Province, China, previously assigned to Japalura splendida, is described as a new species. The new species has been recorded between 1 138–2 500 m in the Nu River drainage between the towns of Liuku and Binzhongluo, and on the lower western slopes of the Nushan and eastern slopes of the Goaligongshan. The new species can be distinguished from other species of Japalura, except J. dymondi, by the following combination of characters: exposed tympani, prominent dorso-lateral stripes, and small gular scales. It is very similar with but differs from J. dymondi by having smooth or feebly keeled dorsal head scales, three relatively enlarged spines on either side of the post-occiput area, strongly keeled and mucronate scales on occiput area and within the lateral stripes, back of arm and leg green, higher number of dorsal-ridge scales (DS) and fourth toe subdigital scales (T4S). A principal component analysis of body measurements of adult male specimens of the new species and J. dymondi showed principal component 1 loading highest for upper arm length, fourth toe length and snout to eye length and principal component 2 loading highest for head width, head length and fourth toe length.


Diploderma splendidum (BARBOUR & DUNN, 1919)

Chinesische Bergagame / Splendid Japalure / Green Striped Tree Dragon

BARBOUR, T. & E.R. DUNN (1919): Two new Chinese Japaluras. – Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club, 7: 15-19.

BEHNCKE, H., STÖHR, A.C., HECKERS, K.O., BALL, I. & R.E. MARSCHANG (2013): Mass-mortality in green striped tree dragons (Japalura splendida) associated with multiple viral infections. – Vetenary Record September 14, 2013.

In spring 2011, high mortality in association with skin lesions, systemic haemorrhages and necrosis occurred in a group of green striped tree dragons (Japalura splendida) which were imported from southwestern China via Florida to Germany. Infections with various endoparasites were diagnosed in coprological examinations. Different antiparasitic and antibiotic treatments over a period of three months did not reduce the mortality rate. The remaining animals were therefore euthanased and submitted for additional testing. Predominant findings in pathological examination were granulomatous and necrotising inflammation of the skin, vacuolar tubulonephrosis of the distal renal tubules, hyperaemia and liver necrosis. Eosinophilic intranuclear and basophilic intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies were detected in the liver. Virological testing (PCR and virus isolation methods) demonstrated the presence of ranavirus, adenovirus and invertebrate iridovirus.

GAO, X.Y., WU, H.B., ZHAO, S., FU, M.L. & Z.Y. LI (2006): Analysis of pachyten chromosome karyotype and micro-chrosomes of Japalura splendida. - Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 25(2): 237-240. [In Chinesisch]

HUANG, W., LUO, H., LUO, S., HUANG, A., NI, Q., YAO, Y., XU, H., ZENG, B., LI, Y., WIE, Z. & M. ZHANG (2019): The complete mitogenome of the splendid japalure Japalura splendida (Squamata, Agamidae). - Mitochondrial DNA Part B, 4 (2): 2641-2642.

The complete mitogenome of Japalura splendida (16,673 bp in length) is determined and analyzed in this study. It contains 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and one non-coding regions. All the genes in J. splendida are distributed on the H-strand, except for the ND6 gene and seven tRNA genes which are encoded on the L-strand. The phylogenetic tree suggests that J. splendida and Japalura flaviceps formed a sister group and reveals the order Acanthosaura lepidogaster, substantial support for the monophyly.

LAUE, E. (2005): Zur Haltung und Vermehrung der Chinesischen Bergagame Japalura splendida BARBOUR & DUNN, 1919. -. elaphe N.F., Rheinbach, 13 (1): 20-30.
Inhalt:
Beschreibung, Verbreitung und Lebensraum, Erwerb der Tiere, Haltung im Zimmerterrarium, Beleuchtung und Beheizung, Ernährung, Winterruhe, Verhalten, Fortpflanzung, Aufzucht der Jungtiere, Schlussbetrachtung.

LAUE, E. (2007): Die Chinesische Bergagame Japalura splendida. – Vivaria-Verlag. 95 S.

LAUE, E. (2009): Erfahrungen mit Krankheiten und Verlusten bei der langjährigen Pflege und Nachzucht der Chinesischen Bergagame Japalura splendida, veranschaulicht durch drei Fallbeispiele. – Iguana, 22 (1): 21-30.

SCHRADIN, H. (2004): Haltung und Nachzucht der Chinesischen Bergagame (Japalura splendida). – Reptilia, Münster, 9 (5): 56-66.

WETTSTEIN, O. (1938): Eine neue Japalura aus Cambodja. – Zool. Anz., 122: 175-177.


Diploderma swild WANG, WU, JIANG, CHEN, MIAO, SILER & CHE, 2019

Swild Mountain Dragon

WANG, K., WU, J.-W., JIANG, K., CHEN, J.-M., MIAO, B. & SILER, C.D. & J. CHE  (2019): A new species of Mountain Dragon (Reptilia: Agamidae: Diploderma) from the D. dymondi complex in southern Sichuan Province, China. – Zool. Res., 40 (5): 456-465.


Diploderma swinhonis (GÜNTHER, 1864)

Taiwanesische Drachenagame / Taiwan Japalure

BLOK, J. (1973): Belevenissen met een kleine agame von Formosa, Japalura swinhonisii. – Lacerta, 31 (6): 102-104.

CHENG, H.-Y. & J.-I. LIN (1977): Comparative reproductive biology of the lizards, Japalura swinhornis formosensis, Takydromus septentrionalis and Hemidactylus frenatus in Taiwan. I. Male reproductive cycle. – Bull. Inst. Zool., Academia Sinica, 16 (2): 107-120.

CHENG, H.-Y. & J.-I. LIN (1977): Comparative reproductive biology of the lizards, Japalura swinhornis formosensis, Takydromus septentrionalis and Hemidactylus frenatus in Taiwan. II. Fat body and liver cycles of the males.. – Bull. Inst. Zool., Academia Sinica, 17: 67-74.

CHOU, W.-H. (1966): Observations on the postovipositional behaviour of the Taiwanese agamid lizard, Japalura swinhonis (Squamata: Reptilia). – Bulletin of the National Museum of Natural Science , Taichung, 7: 107-112.

GÜNTHER, A. (1864): Description of Japalura swinhonis - In: The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis)

HUANG, W.S: (2007): Ecology and reproductive patterns of the agamid lizard Japalura swinhonis on an east Asian island, with comments on the small clutch sizes of island lizards. – Zool. Sci., 24: 181-188.

KATO, H., OBA, T., OBA, S., ETOH, H. & Y. TAHIRA (2013): The Reproduction and Feeding Habitats of the Swinhoe’s Tree Lizard, Japalura swinhonis Günther Squamata, Agamidae) from Iwata City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. – Nat. Hist. Tokay Distr., 2013 (6): 35-38.

KUO, C.Y., LIN, Y.-S. & Y. K. LIN (2007): Resource Use and Morphology of Two Sympatric Japalura Lizards (Iguania: Agamidae). - Journal of Herpetology, 41(4): 713-723.

We investigated the underlying mechanism of coexistence of two sympatric Japalura lizards (Japalura swinhonis and Japalura polygonata xanthostoma). We examined the differences in resource use along three resource dimensions: time, space, and diet. Specifically we tested two ecomorphological hypotheses. Correspondence exists between: perch habitat and limb morphology, and diet and head morphology. The species with shorter forelimbs would perch on narrower surface. The species with larger heads would consume larger or tougher prey. The results showed that the two species did not divide resources by temporal partitioning. Spatially, the two species used similar macrohabitats. However, female J. swinhonis, perching lower and on narrower surfaces, differed from other groups in perch habitats. However, male J. swinhonis and J. p. xanthostoma, despite size and shape differences, were similar in perch habitat. In addition, high diet overlap was detected both intra- and interspecifically despite the presence of significant differences in head sizes. In conclusion, male J. swinhonis and J. p. xanthostoma used largely overlapping resources and therefore, might be potential competitors if resources are limited. We suggest that there was a trade-off between fighting ability and maneuverability because of morphological differences that allowed the coexistence of the two species. Although male J. swinhonis, being larger, may have better fighting ability, J. p. xanthostoma could maneuver around tree trunks and branches to search for prey and avoid fighting more easily.

KUO, C-Y., LIN, Y.-T., & Y.-S. LIN (2009): Sexual Size and Shape Dimorphism in an Agamid Lizard, Japalura swinhonis (Squamata: Lacertlia: Agamidae). – Zool. Stud., 48 (3): 351-361.

Sexual dimorphism in size and shape is a widespread phenomenon in the animal kingdom. Sexual dimorphism in morphology can be explained in proximate (growth pattern/sampling effects) and ultimate (evolutionary payoffs) contexts. There are 3 mutually non-exclusive hypotheses for the evolution of sexual dimorphism: fecundity advantage, intersexual resource partitioning, and sexual selection, each of which can make specific predictions regarding a lizard’s morphology. In this study, we describe sexual dimorphism in size and shape in an agamid lizard, Japalura swinhonis, with discussions from both proximate and ultimate perspectives. The results showed that all body parts of males were larger than those of females. After the effect of body size was accounted for, males had proportionately longer and wider heads, and shorter limbs and body length. Sexual shape dimorphism can be proximately explained by different growth patterns between the 2 sexes. We found a correlation between morphology and perch habitat, but not between morphology and diet since the 2 sexes exhibited extensive dietary overlap. Our results rejected the resource partitioning hypothesis and provided support for the fecundity advantage hypothesis as the underlying mechanisms of sexual dimorphism in J. swinhonis.

LAUE, E. (2011): Zur Haltung und Vermehrung von Japalura swinhonis GÜNTHER, 1864 im Terrarium. – Sauria, Berlin, 33 (1): 13-20.

LIN, J.-Y. & K.-H. LU (1982): Population ecology of the lizard Japalura swinhonis formosensis (Sauria: Agamidae) in Taiwan. – Copeia, Lawrence, 1982 (2): 425-434.

LUIJKEN, W.D. (1981): Japalura swinhonisii. – Lacerta, 40 (2): 34-35. (02.095)

NORVAL, G. & J.-J. MAO (2008): Ein Fall einer Japalura swinhonis als Beute von Lycodon ruhstrati ruhstrati im Chiayi County, Taiwan. – Sauria, Berlin, 30 (3): 43-45.

NORVAL, G., HUANG, S.-C., MAO, J.-J., GOLDBERG, S.R. & K. SLATER (2012): Additional notes on the diet of Japalura swinhonis (Agamidae) from southwestern Taiwan, with comments about its dietary overlap with the sympatric Anolis sagrei (Polychrotidae). - Basic and Applied Herpetology 26: 87–97.

Japalura swinhonis is an endemic agamid lizard in Taiwan, and although its diet has been examined in northern Taiwan and Orchid Island, it has not been investigated in other parts of its range. Investigating the diet of a species from different parts of its range is crucial due to temporal and spatial variations in it. This study examined the dietary items of 47 J. swinhonis from Santzepu and Yunlin, southwestern Taiwan. We also reviewed the diet of J. swinhonis and compared it with that of Anolis sagrei from Santzepu, where these species are sympatric in anthropogenically created habitats such as Areca catechu plantations and fruit orchards. The diet of J. swinhonis from Santzepu was dominated by hymenopterans, followed by coleopterans, lepidopterans and trichopterans, while that of the J. swinhonis from Yunlin was dominated by isopterans, followed by hymenopterans, lepidopterans and coleopterans. The diet of A. sagrei from Santzepu was mainly dominated by hymenopterans, lepidopterans, araneids, hemipterans, coleopterans, dipterans, isopterans and orthopterans, in that order of frequency. From the results of this study it is evident that in areas where J. swinhonis and A. sagrei are sympatric there is a substantial dietary niche overlap, and competition for prey is very likely.

NORVAL, G., MAO, J.-J. & K. SLATER (2011): Notes on the reproduction of the Swinhoe’s tree lizard, Japalura swinhonis Günther, 1864, (Squamata: Agamidae) from southwestern Taiwan. – Herpetology Notes, 4: 319-324.
Thirteen clutches of eggs were obtained from Japalura swinhonis females collected from late March 2004 to early October 2010. The specimens had an average snout-vent length, tail length, and maternal post-oviposition body mass of 66.9 mm, 150.9 mm, and 7.67 g, respectively. The clutch sizes ranged from three to five eggs (mean = 4). A total of 52 eggs were obtained, and had an average length, width, mass, and volume of 12.6 mm, 7.2 mm, 0.4 g, and 344.9 mm³, respectively. The average relative clutch mass was 20.51%. Only two eggs successfully hatched after an incubation period of 45 days. The hatchlings had an average snout-vent length, tail length, and body mass of 22 mm, 30 mm, and 0.2 g, respectively.

OTA, H. (1988): Re-evaluation of the status of Japalura mitsukurii Stejneger 1898 (Reptilia: Agamidae). - Amphibia-Reptilia, Leiden, 9: 375-383. (1421)

OTA, H. (1991): Taxonomic redefinition of Japalura swinhonis Günther (Agamidae: Squamata), with a description of a new subspecies of J. polygonota from Taiwan. – Herpetologica, 47 (3): 280-294.

OTA, H. (2000): On the validity of Japalura yunnanensis popei Wettstein 1938 (Squamata: Agamidaer). – Amphibia-Reptilia, Leiden, 21 (3): 397-403.

WANG, C., HSU, J.-Y. & W.-S. HUANG (2014): Japalura swinhonis (Swinhole’s Japalura) and Takydromus sauteri (Sauter’s Grass Lizard). Predation. – Herp. Rev. 45 (3): 501-502.


Diploderma varcoae (BOULENGER, 1918)

Chinese Japalure

BOULENGER, G.A. (1918): Description of a new lizard of the genus Acanthosaura from Yunnan. – The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 9, Ser. 2: 162.

KÜHNEL, K.-D., KABISCH, K. & H.-J. HERRMANN (1995): Freilandbeobachtung von drei Arten der Gattung Japalura (Reptilia: Agamidae) in Sichuan und Yunnan (China). - Sauria, Berlin, 17 (4): 31-37. (1228)

LI, S., WANG, Y. & R. WANG (1981): A karyotypical study of Japalura varcoae. - Zool. Resarch, 3 (2): 223-228.


Diploderma vela (WANG, JIANG, PAN, HOU, SILER & CHE, 2015)

Sail Mountain Lizard / Sail Japalure


Diploderma yulongense (MANTHEY, DENZER, HOU & WANG, 2012)


MANTHEY, U., DENZER, W., HOU, M. & WANG, X. (2012): Discovered in historical collections: Two new Japalura species (Squamata: Sauria: Agamidae) from Yulong Snow Mountains, Lijiang Prefecture, Yunnan, PR China. – Zootaxa 3200: 27–48.
Several specimens from historical collections made in Yunnan (PR China) were found to be inconsistent with hitherto known species of Japalura. Two species are described as new: Japalura brevicauda spec. nov. and Japalura yulongensis spec. nov. Diagnostic features for the new species are compiled and a key to closely related species is produced. The geo-graphical distribution of these species is outlined and discussed.

WANG, K., REN, J., JIANG, K., YUAN, Z., CHE, J. & C.D: SILER (2017): Rediscovery of the enigmatic Mountain Dragon, Japalura yulongensis (Reptilia: Sauria: Agamidae), with notes on its natural history and conservation. – Zootaxa, 4318 (2): 351-363.

Mountain Dragons of the genus Japalura Gray 1853 have gained increasing systematic attention recently as a result of the availability of new, vouchered collections and a resurgence of interest in Indochinese agamid diversity. This is particularly true for the J. flaviceps Barbour, Dunn 1919 complex from southwest China. However, many species of the complex are still known from few historical specimens only, and little is known about their general biology and conservation status. As one of such understudied members of the complex, Japalura yulongensis Manthey, Denzer, Hou, and Wang 2012 was described on the basis of seven historical specimens from the type locality in northwest Yunnan, PR China in 1914. Little was known at the time of the general biology and conservation status of the species, and the species has not been documented in the wild since the original description. Herein, we report the re-discovery of this secretive species based on a series of newly collected specimens from the vicinity of the type locality. We provide the first accounts of body coloration in life and microhabitat preferences, expand upon what is known of the species’ morphological variation and ecology, revise the morphological diagnosis of the species, and offer suggestions on its IUCN conservation status and protection status in China.


Diploderma yunnanense (ANDERSON, 1878)

Yunnan Japalure

JIANG, Y. (1992): Japalura yunnanensis. – Sichuan Journal of Zoology; 11 (4): 31. (in chinesisch)

MANTHEY, U. & W. DENZER (2012): Bemerkungen zur Verbreitung von Japalura yunnanensis ANDERSON, 1878 (Squamata: Agamidae: Draconinae). – Sauria, Berlin, 34 (2): 35-40.


Diploderma zhaoermii GAO & HOU, 2002

Japalure

GAO, Z.-F. & M. HUO (2002): Description of a new Japalura species from western Sichuan Province, China. – Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 21 (1): 3-5. (in chinesisch)


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